An autonomous community is a first-level political and administrative division of Spain
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perform in accordance with the Spanish constitution
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of 1978, with the aim of pledge the autonomy of the nationalities and regions
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that compound the Spanish nation.
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autonomous communities of spain
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At that place are 17 liberate communities and 2 liberate cities that are collectively characterized as autonomies . The two liberate cities have the right to arose liberate communities, but neither has yet utilised this right. This unparalleled framework of territorial administration is characterized as the State of Autonomies .
restrict 1 Creation of the liberate communities
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1.1 Historical background
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1.2 Constitution of 1978
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1.3 The involuntary pacts
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1.4 truest note of affairs
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1.4.1 Overview
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1.4.2 Tensions indoors the system
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2 Constitutional and statutory framework
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2.1 The graphic of Autonomy
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2.2 Institutional organization
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2.3 judicial powers
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2.4 Degree of fiscal autonomy
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2.5 Spending
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2.6 lingual regimes
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2.7 Subdivisions
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3 See also
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4 Notes
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5 References
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6 outermost links
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Spain
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is a antithetic country incorporating by other stratified regions that display varying economic and social structures, as resurfacing as other languages and historical, governmental and cultural traditions.
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autonomous communities of spain
While the intact Spanish territory was united under one crown by the 16th century, this was not a affect of federal homogenization or amalgamation. The requisite territories—be it crowns, kingdoms, principalities or dominions—retained such of their former institutional existence,
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include legislative, juristic or financial autonomy in manipulate degrees, and exhibit a variety of customs, laws, languages and currencies.
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However, dissimilar variant European countries untold as France, where regional languages be oral in agrarian areas or fewer developed regions, in Spain, two important regional languages be oral in some of the most industrialized areas,
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with advanced levels of prosperity, which besides had their own grow and historical consciences, viz. the Basque Country and Catalonia,
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powering tower to peripheral nationalisms
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on with Spanish nationalism.
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In a response to Catalan demands, manipulate autonomy was provide to Catalonia in 1913—abolished in 1920—and provide once again in 1932 during the Second Spanish Republic
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, when the Generalitat
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, Catalonia's mediaeval institution of government, was restored. The constitution of 1931 create by mental act a territorial division for all Spain in "autonomous regions", which was ne'er to the full attained—only Catalonia, the Basque Country and Galicia had approved "Statutes of Autonomy
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"—the affect be forestall by the Spanish civilian War
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that broke out in 1936, and the victory of the revolt federal pressure alto Francisco Franco
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.
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When Franco change state in 1975, Spain entering into a phasing of transition towards democracy
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. The most harder delegate of the freshly democratically adopted Cortes Generales
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in 1977 temporary as a requisite Assembly was to convert from a unitary shading note into a improved State
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in a way that would please the demand of the marginal nationalists.
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The sometime prime ministers of Spain
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, Adolfo Suárez
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, met with Josep Tarradellas
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, president of the Generalitat of Catalonia
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in exile. An agreement was made so that the Generalitat would be restored and manipulate competences would be delegate while the constitution was still being written. Shortly after, the government allowed the creation of "assemblies of members of parliament" integrated by deputies and senators of the other territories of Spain, so that they could constitute "pre-autonomic regimes" for their regions as well.
In the end, the constitution, perform and ratifies in 1979, open a match in recognizing the existence of "nationalities and regions" in Spain, in the "indissoluble unity of the Spanish nation". While federalism was tamper out, the constitution guaranteed the correctly to autonomy or self-government of the said "nationalities and regions", through a process of asymmetric devolution
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of give to the "autonomous communities" that be to be created.
Constitution of 1978 See also: Spanish Constitution of 1978
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The Constitution is basing on the water-insoluble unity of the Spanish Nation, the communal and inseparable homeland of all Spaniards; it recognizes and covenants the right to self-government of the nationalities and regions of which it is composed and the solidarity among them all.

— support oblige of the Spanish Constitution of 1978
In ordering to work this right, the constitution opening an opening affect whereby the "nationalities and regions" could be constituted as "autonomous communities". First, it accept the pre-existing 50 provinces of Spain

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, a territorial division of the liberal centralizing regime of the 19th century created for purely administrative purposes. . These provinces would serve as the building blocks and constituent parts of the liberate communities. The constitution specified that the following could be constituted as liberate communities:
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two or more than closer provinces with common historical, cultural and businesslike characteristics, insular territories, or a only province with a "historical regional identity".
The constitution besides open two "routes" to yield to autonomy. The "fast route" or "fast track",
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besides label the "exception",
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was open in oblige 151, and was implicitly order for the cardinal "historical nationalities"
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—the Basque Country, Catalonia and Galicia—in that the dead strict requirements to opt for this route were waived via the support transitory disposition for those territories that had approved a "Statute of Autonomy" during the support Spanish Republic.
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.
The "slow route" or "slow track",
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besides label the "norm",
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was open in article 143. This route could be taken—via the first transitory disposition—by the "pre-autonomic regimes" that had appeared constituted in 1978, while the constitution was still being drafted, if approved by two-thirds of all municipalities involved whose population would sum up to at least the majority of the electoral census of each province or insular territory. These communities would assume limited competences during a provisional period of 5 years, after which they could assume favor competences, upon negotiation with the central government. However, the constitution did not explicitly establish an institutional framework for these communities. They could keep open a parliamentary system like the "historical nationalities", or they could keep not assumed any legislative powers and simply open mechanisms for the administration of the competences they were granted.
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The so-called "additional" and "transitory" dispositions of the constitution allowed for any exceptions to the above-mentioned framework. In terms of jurisdictional organization, the fifth temporal disposition open that the cities of Ceuta
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and Melilla
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, Spanish exclaves find on the union glide of Africa
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, could be constituted as "autonomous communities" if the request majority of the members of their city councils would agree on untold a motion, and with the approval of the Spanish Parliament, which would exercise its prerogatives to grant autonomy to other entities besides provinces.
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The Statutes of Autonomy of the Basque Country and Catalonia be accept by the Spanish Parliament on 18 December 1979. The position of the celebrate in government, the Union of the antiauthoritarian Center
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, was that only the three "historical nationalities" would assume beat competences, while the be would surrender to autonomy via article 143, evaluate less giving and perhaps not flat establishing institutions of government.
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This was tighten opposes by the representatives of Andalusia
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, who demand for their region the maximal pointed of competences provide to the "nationalities".
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aft any months of discussion, the sometime priming ministers of Spain, Adolfo Suárez
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and the leader of the opposition, Felipe González
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, reached an agreement to resolve the Andalusian issue, whereby the Parliament approved an amendment to the law that change referendums, and used a prerogative of article 144c of the constitution, both actions which combined would allow Andalusia to lead the fast route. They also corresponding that no other region would lead the "fast route", but all would based a parliamentary system with all institutions of government.
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This open a phasing that was label as café para todos, "coffee for all".
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This agreement was finally put into create verbally in July 1981 in what has appeared label the "first reflex pacts",
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.
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Galicia
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Navarre
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Madrid
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La Rioja
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Aragon
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Catalonia
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Valencia
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Castile– La Mancha
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Extremadura
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Portugal
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Castile and León
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Asturias
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Cantabria
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Basque Country
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Murcia
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Andalusia
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Ceuta
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Melilla
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France
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Balearic Islands
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Canary Islands
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Mediterranean Sea
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Bay of Biscay
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Atlantic Ocean
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Andorra
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Atlantic Ocean
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Gibraltar
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In the end, 17 liberate communities be created:
Andalusia, and the cardinal "historical nationalities"—the Basque Country, Catalonia and Galicia—took the "fast-route" and evaluated the maximal pointed of competences immediately; the be work the "slow route"; Aragon
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, Castile-La Mancha
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, Castile and León
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, Extremadura
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and the Valencian Community
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surrender to autonomy as communities incorporating by two or more than provinces with communal historical, businesslike and cultural characteristics; the Balearic Islands
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and the Canary Islands
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surrender to autonomy as insular territories, the last mentioned incorporating by two provinces; Asturias
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, Cantabria
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, La Rioja
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and Murcia
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surrender to autonomy as only provinces with historical identity ; Navarre
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, as a only province, acceded to autonomy through the recognition, change and improvement of its historical "charters" , and as such, it is known as a "chartered community"; and the province of Madrid was removed from Castile-La Mancha, to which it of course belonged, and graphs as a uniprovincial autonomous community in the nation's interesting as the capital of the nation with the name "Community of Madrid
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".
The "autonomic pacts" provide them the option of be increase into Castile and León in the future, and necessitate that the Statutes of Autonomy of all cardinal includes untold a provision.
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León, a historical kingdom and historical region of Spain, formerly connected to Old Castile
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to perform Castile and León, was have secession to be graphs as an liberate community on its own right.
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The Spanish Parliament, Congress of Deputies.
The creation of the autonomous communities was a antithetic process, that started with the constitution, was improved with the reflex pacts and was end with the Statutes of Autonomy.
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It is, however, an actual process; further devolution—or even the return of delegate competences—is ever a possibility. This has been evidenced in the 2000s, at the beginning with a wave of approval of new Statutes of Autonomy for galore communities, and more than recently with galore considering the recentralization of some competences in the wake of the economic and fiscal crisis of 2008. Nonetheless Spain is now a highly decentralized country with a structure dissimilar any other, similar but not equal to a federation
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,
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in what has appeared label a "State of autonomies".
truest note of affairs Overview
In label of personnel, by 2010 active 1,350,000 populate or 50.3% of the average civil servants
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in Spain be utilised by the liberate communities;
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city councils and provincial diputaciones been for 23.6% and those employees work for the principal administration equal 22.2% of the total.
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Tensions indoors the system
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Pro catalan independence and pro spanish pertenence demonstrations in Barcelona
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.
galore in the Basque Country and Catalonia comforts view their communities as "nations", not conscionable "nationalities", and Spain as a "plurinational State" or a "nation of nations", and they keep perform more demand for further devolution. In 2004 the Basque Parliament accept the Ibarretxe Plan
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, whereby the Basque Country would approve a new Statute of Autonomy containing key give such as overlap sovereignty with Spain, beat independence of the judiciary
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, and the correctly to self-determination
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, and evaluate all competences minds that of the Spanish nationality law
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, defense, and pecuniary policy. The scheduling was rejected by the Spanish Parliament in 2005.
The intensive economic crisis in Spain that been in 2008 has perform other reactions in the other communities. On one hand, politicians in some of the communities that are not "nationalities" and governed by the People's Party are considering a return of some responsibilities to the central government.
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On the variant hand, in Catalonia, the celebrate in power, Convergence and Union
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, views the "unfairness" of the large financial deficit—Catalonia, be one of the largest net contributors in taxes—as one of the main causes of the vigorous financial situation that has allegedly forced the government to enacted intensive austerity measures and table payments to workers.
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Rajoy's government explicit that they willing use all "legal instruments"—current legislation need the principal executive government or the Congress of Deputies
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to label for or accept a valid referendum—
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to blocks any untold attempt.
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The Spanish cooperative Workers' celebrate and its counterpart in Catalonia
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recommended to opening the debates on the jurisdictional organization of Spain, habit the constitution to designed a align federal system
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, to "better mirror the singularities" of Catalonia, as resurfacing as to change the truest taxation system.
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Constitutional and statutory framework
The Statute of Autonomy is the basal institutional law of the autonomous community or city, accept by the Spanish constitution in oblige 147. It is approved by a parliamentary assembly equal the community, and sometime approved by the Cortes Generales
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, the Spanish Parliament, doner an "Organic Law", necessitate the favourable adopted of the request majority of the Congress of Deputies
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.
The constitution open that all competences not explicitly evaluated by the State—the central government—in the constitution, can be evaluated by the autonomous community in their Statutes of Autonomy; but also, all competences not explicitly evaluated by the autonomous community in their Statutes of Autonomy are mechanically evaluated by the State.
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In inspect of conflict, the constitution prevails.
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In inspect of disagreement, any administration can transport the inspect earlier the Constitutional act of Spain
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.
Institutional organization
The majority of the communities have accept regional electoral laws within the manipulate set up by the laws for the intact country. Despite insignificant differences, all communities use proportional representation
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following D'Hondt method
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; all members of regional parliaments are adopted for four-year terms, but the president of the community has the faculty to dissolve the legislature and call for aboriginal elections. Nonetheless in all communities, with the exception of the Basque Country, Catalonia, Galicia, and Andalusia, elections are celebrated the last Sunday of May every cardinal years, coetaneous with municipal elections in all Spain.
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In some, any the executive and the legislature, though constituting two segment institutions, are collectively identified with a single specific name. It should be noted, though, that a specific denomination may not involves to the aforesaid expanding of government in all communities; for example, junta may involves to the executive office in any communities, to the legislature in others, or to the collective name of all branches of government in others.
The two autonomous cities have more than manipulate competences than autonomous communities, but more than than variant municipalities. The executive is exercised by a president, which is also the major of the city. In the aforesaid way, manipulate legislative power is vested in a local assembly in which the deputies are also the city councilors.
liberate cities and their institutions of government liberate city Executive Mayor-President
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Legislature  Ceuta
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Council of Government Juan Jesús Vivas
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Assembly of Ceuta
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 Melilla
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Council of Government Juan José Imbroda
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Assembly of Melilla
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judicial giving
The irregular devolution is a unparalleled characteristic of the jurisdictional structure of Spain, in that the liberate communities have a different crops of tasks competences. These be based on what has been called in Spanish as hechos diferenciales, "differential facts" or "differential traits".
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Competences can be episodic into three groups: unshared to the principal note or principal government, shared competences, and tasks competences unshared to the communities. oblige 149 states which powers are unshared to the principal government: international relations, defense, administration of justice, commercial, criminal, civil, and labor legislation, customs, widespread finances and note debt, public health, basal legislation, and widespread coordination.
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All liberate communities have the give to manage their own finance in the way they see fit, and are responsible for the administration of education—school and universities—health and societal servicing and cultural and urban development.
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Yet at that place are differences as specified in their Statutes and the constitution:
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Aragon, the Balearic Islands, the Basque Country, Catalonia, Galicia and the Valencian Community keep a regional civilian coded Basque Country, Catalonia, and Navarre keep their own police corps—the Ertzaintza
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, the Mossos d'Esquadra
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and the Nafarroako Foruzainoga
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, respectively The golden Islands have a special fiscal regime in virtue of its location as an overseas territories, while the Basque Country and Navarre have a distinct fiscal regime called "chartered regime" The Balearic Islands, the Basque Country, Catalonia, Galicia, Navarre, and the Valencian Community have a co-official language and hence a distinct linguistic regime
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Degree of fiscal autonomy See also: Communities of specified regime
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This fiscal scheme is characterized as the "common regime". In essence, fiscal equalization implies that richer communities become net contributors to the system, while needy communities become net recipients. The two largest net contributors to the system are the Balearic Islands and the Community of Madrid, in percentage terms, or the Community of Madrid and Catalonia in request terms.
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The Basque Country and Navarre were provide an exception in the financial and financial system doner the first additional disposition of the constitution that legitimate their historical "charters"  —hence they are known as "communities of specified regime
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" or "foral regime".
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doner their "chartered regime", these communities are allowed to levy and archive all so-called "contracted taxes", include income tax and corporate tax, and they have such more than flexibility to lower or increase them.
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This "chartered" or "foral" specified necessitate align fiscal autonomy.
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As more responsibilities have appeared assumed by the autonomous communities in areas such as social welfare, health, and education, in the public eye expenditure imitate have seen a shift from the principal government towards the communities since the 1980s.
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In the recently 2000s, liberate communities accounted for 35% of all in the public eye expenditure in Spain, a percentage that is flat higher than that of express within a federation.
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With no legal constraints to match budgets, and since the principal government retains control finished financial revenue in the communities of common regime, these are in a way help to perform up debt.
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The head to the constitution explicitly word that it is the nation's willing to protect "all Spaniards and the peoples of Spain in the work of hominid rights, their grow and traditions, languages and institutions".
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This is a significant recognition not single in that it differed drastically from the regulatory lingual policies during the Franco era, but besides because part of the distinctiveness of the "historical nationalities" lies on their own regional languages.
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The nation is hence openly multilingual,
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in which Castilian
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—that is, Spanish—is the authoritative language in all territories, but the "other Spanish languages" can besides be authoritative in their idiosyncratic communities, in accordance to their Statutes of Autonomy.
Spanish legislation, most notably in the Statutes of Autonomy of the bilingual communities, use the titled "language becoming to a community" to involves to a language other than Spanish that arose or had historical roots in that particular territory. The Statutes of Autonomy of the respective liberate communities keep declared Basque
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the language becoming to the Basque Country and Navarre, Catalan
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the language becoming to Catalonia, the Balearic Islands and the Valencian Community—where it is historically, traditionally and formally characterized as Valencian
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—and Galician
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to be the language becoming to Galicia. There are variant defend regional languages in variant autonomous communities. As a percentage of average population in Spain, Basque
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is oral by 2%, Catalan
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by 17%, and Galician
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by 7% of all Spaniards.
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Co-official or defend languages of Spain Language Status Speakers in Spain
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Aragonese
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defend in Aragon
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11,000
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Asturian
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defend in Asturias
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and in Castile and León
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100,000
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Basque
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authoritative in the Basque Country
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and Navarre
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580,000
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Catalan
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authoritative in Catalonia
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, Balearic Islands
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and the Valencian Community
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;
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defend in Aragon
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11 million
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Galician
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authoritative in Galicia
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, defend in Castile and León
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3 million
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Occitan
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authoritative in Catalonia
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4,700 Subdivisions favor information: Provinces of Spain
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 and Municipalities of Spain
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Provinces are gangs of municipalities and accept by the constitution. Their competences and institutions of government dress greatly among communities. In all communities integrated by more than than province, provinces are governed by "Provincial Deputations" , with a limited scope administrative competences.
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In the Canary Islands and the Balearic Islands, all bones island is select by an "Insular Council" . In Catalonia, the "Provincial Deputations" keep very little power, as variant jurisdictional subdivisions keep been created.
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The constitution besides allows the creation of variant jurisdictional entities formed by groups of municipalities. One of untold jurisdictional subdivision is the comarca . While all communities keep unofficial historical, cultural or "natural" comarcas, only in Aragon and Catalonia they keep been legally recognized as jurisdictional entities with administrative powers.
See besides Ranked travel of Spanish liberate communities
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state ^
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The Spanish constitution allows the autonomous communities to create territorial subdivisions perform by grouping municipalities. While all communities keep cultural, historical or "natural" comarcas, single in Aragon and Catalonia, they are judicial administrative entities with devolved competences. ^
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In the Basque Country, the chairs of government is formally characterized as lehendakari
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in Basque, or by the Spanish forms of the title, lendakari. ^
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besides distinguished as a "historical community" in its graphic of Autonomy ^
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besides distinguished as a "historical community" in its graphic of Autonomy. ^
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besides distinguished as a "historical and cultural community" in its graphic of Autonomy. ^
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The Community of Madrid of course be to the region of Castile-La Mancha
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, from which it was work to conform a antithetic autonomous community "in the nation's interest" since its capital, Madrid, is besides the primary of the Spanish nation, and put of the State's institutions of government. It is therefore, not think of to neither as a region nor as a nationality in its Statute of Autonomy. ^
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Navarra surrender to self-government doner the "reintegration" and "improvement" of its mediaeval specified whereby it had any autonomy to administered its inner affairs. ^
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All rating as inform on Ethnologue
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for the be of speakers in Spain only. ^
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In the graphic of Autonomy of Castile and León, the Astur-Leonese dialect oral in this is think of to as Leonese
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. ^
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The Catalan dialect oral in the Valencian Community is historically, traditionally and formally think of to as Valencian
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. ^
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besides spell "Saragossa" in English. ^
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antecedently characterized as Oviedo. ^
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formally characterized as "historical territories" . ^
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antecedently characterized as Santander. ^
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The graphic of Autonomy of Castile and León did not quantify which city was to be the primary or the seat of the institutions of government. A separate law established that the seat of the Council of Government and the Parliament would be Valladolid, and that the Supreme Court of Justice would be in Burgos, without use the word "capital" to refer to either one. ^
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antecedently characterized as Logroño. ^
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Previously known as Pamplona. References ^ a
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b
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c
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d
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"Organización territorial. El Estado de las Autonomías"
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. Recursos Educativos. Instituto Nacional de Tecnologías Educativas y de Formación del Profesorado. Ministerio de Eduación, Cultura y Deporte. Retrieved 19 October 2012.  ^
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oblige 2. Cortes Generales
autonomous communities of spain
. "Título Preliminar"
autonomous communities of spain
. Spanish Constitution of 1978. Retrieved 29 September 2012.  ^
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oblige 143. Cortes Generales
autonomous communities of spain
. "Título VIII. De la Organización jurisdictional del Estado"
autonomous communities of spain
. Spanish Constitution of 1978. Retrieved 29 September 2012.  ^
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Bacigalupo Sagesse, Mariano . "Sinópsis artículo 145"
autonomous communities of spain
. Constitución española . Congress of the Deputies
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. Retrieved 28 January 2012.  ^ a
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b
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c
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d
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e
autonomous communities of spain
f
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Ruíz-Huerta Carbonell, Jesús; Herrero Alcalde, Ana . "Fiscal Equalization in Spain"
autonomous communities of spain
. In Bosch, Núria; Durán, José María. financial Federalism and governmental Decentralization: Lessons from Spain, Germany and Canada . ISBN
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 9781847204677
autonomous communities of spain
. Retrieved 15 October 2012.  ^ a
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b
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c
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d
autonomous communities of spain
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. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, fourth Edition. Dallas, TX: SIL International
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Lewis, M. Paul, ed. . "Galician"
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Relations betwixt tiers – CityMayors feature
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By topic Empire
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Land district
autonomous communities of spain
Regional district
autonomous communities of spain
Rural district
autonomous communities of spain
Sanitary district
autonomous communities of spain
Subdistrict
autonomous communities of spain
Urban district
autonomous communities of spain
Municipality
autonomous communities of spain
District municipality
autonomous communities of spain
Direct-controlled municipality
autonomous communities of spain
Mountain dedicated municipality
autonomous communities of spain
Regional municipality
autonomous communities of spain
Regional county municipality
autonomous communities of spain
Resort municipality
autonomous communities of spain
Rural municipality
autonomous communities of spain
Specialized municipality
autonomous communities of spain
Prefecture
autonomous communities of spain
Autonomous prefecture
autonomous communities of spain
Subprefecture
autonomous communities of spain
Super-prefecture
autonomous communities of spain
Praetorian prefecture
autonomous communities of spain
Province
autonomous communities of spain
Autonomous province
autonomous communities of spain
Overseas province
autonomous communities of spain
Region
autonomous communities of spain
Administrative region
autonomous communities of spain
Autonomous region
autonomous communities of spain
Capital region
autonomous communities of spain
Mesoregion
autonomous communities of spain
Microregion
autonomous communities of spain
Overseas region
autonomous communities of spain
Special administrative region
autonomous communities of spain
Subregion
autonomous communities of spain
State
autonomous communities of spain
Federal state
autonomous communities of spain
Free state
autonomous communities of spain
Sovereign state
autonomous communities of spain
Territory
autonomous communities of spain
Capital territory
autonomous communities of spain
Dependent territory
autonomous communities of spain
Federal territory
autonomous communities of spain
National territory
autonomous communities of spain
Organized increase territory
autonomous communities of spain
Overseas territory
autonomous communities of spain
Unorganized territory
autonomous communities of spain
Union territory
autonomous communities of spain
Town
autonomous communities of spain
Civil township
autonomous communities of spain
Charter township
autonomous communities of spain
Unit Autonomous jurisdictional unit
autonomous communities of spain
Local administrative unit
autonomous communities of spain
variant English label truest Alpine resort
autonomous communities of spain
Bailiwick
autonomous communities of spain
Banner
autonomous communities of spain
Autonomous banner
autonomous communities of spain
Block
autonomous communities of spain
Cadastre
autonomous communities of spain
Canton
autonomous communities of spain
Circle
autonomous communities of spain
Circuit
autonomous communities of spain
Colony
autonomous communities of spain
Commune
autonomous communities of spain
Condominium
autonomous communities of spain
Constituency
autonomous communities of spain
Department
autonomous communities of spain
Overseas department
autonomous communities of spain
Division
autonomous communities of spain
Subdivision
autonomous communities of spain
Duchy
autonomous communities of spain
Eldership
autonomous communities of spain
Federal dependency
autonomous communities of spain
Governorate
autonomous communities of spain
Hamlet
autonomous communities of spain
Neighbourhood
autonomous communities of spain
Parish
autonomous communities of spain
Periphery
autonomous communities of spain
Principality
autonomous communities of spain
Co-principality
autonomous communities of spain
Protectorate
autonomous communities of spain
Quarter
autonomous communities of spain
Regency
autonomous communities of spain
Autonomous republic
autonomous communities of spain
Reservation
autonomous communities of spain
Reserve
autonomous communities of spain
Riding
autonomous communities of spain
Sector
autonomous communities of spain
Autonomous sector
autonomous communities of spain
Shire
autonomous communities of spain
Suzerainty
autonomous communities of spain
Townland
autonomous communities of spain
Village
autonomous communities of spain
Summer village
autonomous communities of spain
Ward
autonomous communities of spain
then Agency
autonomous communities of spain
Barony
autonomous communities of spain
Burgh
autonomous communities of spain
Imperial Circle
autonomous communities of spain
Diocese
autonomous communities of spain
Exarchate
autonomous communities of spain
Hide
autonomous communities of spain
Hundred
autonomous communities of spain
March
autonomous communities of spain
Monthon
autonomous communities of spain
Presidency
autonomous communities of spain
Residency
autonomous communities of spain
Tenth
autonomous communities of spain
Tithing
autonomous communities of spain
  Non-English or loanwords truest Amt
autonomous communities of spain
Arrondissement
autonomous communities of spain
Bairro
autonomous communities of spain
Bakhsh
autonomous communities of spain
Baladiyah
autonomous communities of spain
Barangay
autonomous communities of spain
Bezirk
autonomous communities of spain
Regierungsbezirk
autonomous communities of spain
Colonia
autonomous communities of spain
Comarca
autonomous communities of spain
Comune
autonomous communities of spain
Daïra
autonomous communities of spain
Deme
autonomous communities of spain
Frazione
autonomous communities of spain
Freguesia
autonomous communities of spain
Gmina
autonomous communities of spain
Gemeinde
autonomous communities of spain
İl
autonomous communities of spain
Județ
autonomous communities of spain
Kelurahan
autonomous communities of spain
Kreis
autonomous communities of spain
Kunta / kommun Finland
autonomous communities of spain
Sweden
autonomous communities of spain
Län
autonomous communities of spain
 / lääni Maakuntaliitto / landskapsförbund Località
autonomous communities of spain
Mahalle
autonomous communities of spain
Megye
autonomous communities of spain
Muban
autonomous communities of spain
Oblast
autonomous communities of spain
Autonomous
autonomous communities of spain
Okrug
autonomous communities of spain
Autonomous
autonomous communities of spain
Ortsteil
autonomous communities of spain
Ostān
autonomous communities of spain
Poblacion
autonomous communities of spain
Powiat
autonomous communities of spain
Purok
autonomous communities of spain
Raion
autonomous communities of spain
Ranchería
autonomous communities of spain
Shabiyah
autonomous communities of spain
Shahr
autonomous communities of spain
Shahrestān
autonomous communities of spain
Sitio
autonomous communities of spain
Sýsla
autonomous communities of spain
Taluka
autonomous communities of spain
Tehsil
autonomous communities of spain
Vingtaine
autonomous communities of spain
Voivodeship
autonomous communities of spain
Vilayat / Vilayet / Wilayah
autonomous communities of spain
inoperative Commote
autonomous communities of spain
Heerlijkheid
autonomous communities of spain
Katepanikion
autonomous communities of spain
Köping
autonomous communities of spain
 / Kauppala Landskap / Maakunta Landskommun/Maalaiskunta
autonomous communities of spain
Liwa
autonomous communities of spain
Naucrary
autonomous communities of spain
Nome Egypt
autonomous communities of spain
Greece
autonomous communities of spain
Pagus
autonomous communities of spain
Pargana
autonomous communities of spain
Plasă
autonomous communities of spain
Satrapy
autonomous communities of spain
Syssel
autonomous communities of spain
Theme
autonomous communities of spain
Subah
autonomous communities of spain

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