balearic islands; Spanish
balearic islands: Islas Baleares
balearic islandsare an archipelago
balearic islandsof Spain
balearic islandsin the occidental Mediterranean Sea
balearic islands, happen the eastbound glide of the Iberian Peninsula
restrict 1 Etymology
balearic islands2 Geography and hydrography
balearic islands3 History
balearic islands3.1 past history
balearic islands3.2 mediaeval period
balearic islands3.2.1 recently romanic and aboriginal moslem Eras
balearic islands3.2.2 The advertising against the Balearics
balearic islands3.2.3 Reconquista
balearic islands3.3 contemporary period
balearic islands4 Culture
balearic islands4.1 Cuisine
balearic islands4.2 Languages
balearic islands5 Administration
balearic islands6 Sport
balearic islands7 See also
balearic islands8 Notes
balearic islands9 References
balearic islands10 outermost links
The authoritative term of the balearic islands in Catalan
balearic islandsis Illes Balears, while in Spanish they are characterized as the Islas Baleares. The titled "Balearic" derivative from Greek
balearic islandsIn Latin
match to the Lycophron's
balearic islandsAlexandra verses, the islands be label Gymnesiae Γυμνησίαι because its inhabitants be frequently nude, probably because of the year-round generous climate.
The branch bal perform aim to a Phoenician origin; possibly the islands be spiritual to the god Baal
balearic islands; and the accidental resemblance to the grecian branch ΒΑΛ , coupled with the occupation of the people, would giving sufficient foundation for the accustomed grecian practice of assimilating designate to their own language. That it was not, however, grecian at first, one may infer with great probability from the fact that the common grecian name of the islands is not Βαλεαρεῖς , but Γυμνησίαι , the former being the name employed by the natives, as well as by the Carthaginians and Romans.
balearic islandsThe latter name, for which two imagine etymologies keep already appeared mentioned, prospective derivative from the lighten equipment of the Balearic gimp .
Geography and hydrography
The islands can be favor grouped, with Majorca, Minorca, and Cabrera as the Gymnesian Islands
balearic islands, and Ibiza and Formentera as the Pitiusic Islands
balearic islands, besides referenced as the Pityuses . At that place are galore insignificant islands or islets closing to the ample islands, untold as Es Conills, Es Vedrà, Sa Conillera, Dragonera
balearic islands, S'Espalmador
balearic islands, S'Espardell, Ses Bledes, Santa Eulària, Plana, Foradada, Tagomago, Na Redona, Colom, L'Aire, etc.
smallest is rescue on the aboriginal inhabitants of the islands, though galore legends exist. The story, have by Lycophron
balearic islands, that reliable shipwreck Boeotians
balearic islandsbe tasks nude on the islands, was obviously create by mental act to account for the term Gymnesiae. At that place is besides a tradition that the islands be colonised by Rhodes
balearic islandsaft the Trojan War
Other legends hold that the inhabitants lived in hollow move back and forth and artificial caves, that they were remarkable for their love of women and would provide three or cardinal men as the ransom for one woman, that they had no metallic or silver coin, and forbade the importation of the precious metals, so that those of them who served as mercenaries took their pay in wine and women instead of money. Their marriage and funeral customs, peculiar to Roman observers, are think by Diodorus Siculus
The Phoenicians work possession of the islands in dead aboriginal times;
balearic islandsa bonzer analyze of their colonization is have in the town of Mago . aft the travel of Carthage
balearic islands, the islands seem to keep been virtually independent. However their celebrity in war, the people be by and large dead silent and inoffensive.
balearic islandsThe Romans, however, easily open a pretext for charges them with complicity with the Mediterranean pirates, and they were tamper by Q. Caecilius Metellus
balearic islands, therefrom surnamed Balearicus, in 123 BC.
balearic islandsMetellus improved 3,000 romanic and Spanish colonists on the ample island, and initiative the cities of Palma
balearic islandsand Pollentia
balearic islandsThe islands belonged, alto the Roman Empire
balearic islands, to the conventus of Carthago Nova
balearic islands, in the province
balearic islandsof Hispania Tarraconensis
balearic islands, of which province they perform the twentieth district, alto the government of a praefectus pro legato. An inscription of the quantify of Nero
balearic islandsthink of the PRAEF. PRAE Smooth INSULAR. BALIARUM. They be subsequent perform a segment province, label Hispania Balearica
balearic islands, prospective in the division of the empire alto Constantine
The move of the Mediterranean
balearic islandseastbound of Spain, approximately the Balearic Isles, was label "Mare Balearicum,
balearic islandsor Sinus Balearicus.
mediaeval period recently romanic and aboriginal moslem Eras
balearic islandsRamon Llull
In 902, the heavier use of the islands as a heist establish forms the Emirate of Córdoba
balearic islands, nominally the island's overlords, to invade and integrated the islands into their state. However, the Cordoban emirate disintegrated in civilian war and partition in the early fourth century, breaking into smaller states label taifa
balearic islands. Mujahid al-Siqlabi, the ruler of the Taifa of Dénia
balearic islandstravel a travel rapidly and lead tamper of the islands in 1015, use it as the establish for later expeditions to Sardinia
balearic islandsand Pisa
balearic islands. In 1050, the island's governor Abd Allah ibn Aglab rebels and open the autarkic Taifa of Mallorca
The advertising against the Balearics important article: 1113–1115 balearic islands expedition
balearic islandsCatalan Atlas
balearic islands, by the sefardi
balearic islandsCresques Abraham
The advertising lead Palma in 1115 and by and large reduced the islands, ending its period as a ample sea power, but sometime withdrew. indoors a year, the now break islands be conquered by the Berber
balearic islandsAlmoravid dynasty
balearic islands, whose aggressive, warlike happen to religion mirror that of the crusaders and departed from the island's history as a tolerant haven alto Cordoba and the taifa. The Almoravid were conquered and deposed in North Africa and on the Iberian Peninsula by the plays Almohad Dynasty
balearic islandsof Marrakech
balearic islandsin 1147. Muhammad ibn Ganiya, the Almoravid claimant, flee to Palma and open his primary there. His dynasty, the Banu Ghaniya
balearic islands, sought companies in their effort to recover their kingdom from the Almohad, directive them to provide Genoa and Pisa their archetypal commercialized concessions on the islands. In 1184, an expedition was sent to reconquered Ifriqiya
balearic islandsbut end in defeat. fear reprisals, the inhabitants of the Balearics rebels against the Almoravid and evaluate Almohad suzerainty in 1187.
Reconquista important article: Kingdom of Mallorca
balearic islandsKing James I of Aragon
balearic islandsduring his conquest of Mallorca in 1229.
crowd change state in 1276, segment his domains betwixt his sons in his will. The willing perform a new Kingdom of Mallorca
balearic islandsfrom the balearic islands and the mainland counties of Roussillon
balearic islandsor Montpellier
balearic islands, which was travel to his son James II
balearic islands. However, the label of the willing leased that the new kingdom be a vassal note to the Kingdom of Aragon
balearic islands, which was travel to his elderly brother Peter
balearic islands. Chafing alto the vassalage, crowd connected pressure with the Pope Martin IV
balearic islandsand Philip III of France
balearic islandsagainst his brother in the Aragonese Crusade
balearic islands, directive to a 10 year Aragonese occupation earlier the islands be restoring in the 1295 Treaty of Anagni
balearic islands. The tension betwixt the kingdoms act doner the generations until James' grandson James III
balearic islandswas single by the circumvented army of Peter's grandson Peter IV
balearic islandsat the 1349 Battle of Llucmajor
balearic islands. The balearic islands be sometime increase heterosexual into the kingdom of Aragon.
The balearic islands be often battles by Barbary pirates
balearic islandsfrom northbound Africa; Formentera
balearic islandswas flat temporarily trash by its population. In 1514, 1515 and 1521 the sliding of the balearic islands and the Spanish mainland be circumvented by Turkish
balearic islandsalto the general of the Ottoman
balearic islandsadmiral, Hayreddin Barbarossa
Minorca was eventually travel to Spain by the Treaty of Amiens
balearic islandsduring the cut recent Wars, following the decide British occupation
balearic islands, which decide from 1798 to 1802. The continued presence of British naval forces, however, signified that the balearic islands be ne'er occupied by the cut during the Napoleonic Wars
grow Cuisine important article: Balearic cuisine
balearic islandsLobster stew
balearic islandsfrom Menorca
any Catalan and Spanish are official languages in the island. Catalan is designated as a "llengua pròpia", literally "own language" in its graphic of autonomy. Practically all residents of the balearic islands covenant Spanish fluently. In 2003 74.6% of the Islands' residents besides realize how to covenant Catalan and 93.1% can solve it.
balearic islandsvariant languages untold as English, German and Italian are often oral by locals, particularly those who take in the tourism industry.
Administration Population in the balearic islands
balearic islandsInsular council Population % average of balearic islands Density Majorca
balearic islands777,821 79.12% 214.84 Ibiza
balearic islands111,107 11.30% 193.22 Minorca
balearic islands86,697 8.82% 124.85 Formentera
balearic islands7,506 0.76% 90.17
earlier the administrative repaired of 1977, the two insular councils of Ibiza and Formentera be forms in a only one .
These cardinal comarques are sometime subdivided into municipalities , with the exception of Formentera which is at the aforesaid quantify an insular council, a comarca, and a municipality.
Those municipalities are further subdivided into civil parishes , that are slightly larger than the traditional religious parishes, themselves subdivided into administrative villages ; each vénda is grouping several nearby hamlets and their immediate surrounding lands — these casaments are traditionally formed by grouping together several cubic houses to form a defensive parallelepiped with windows open to the East , sharing their collected precious water resources, whose residents are deciding and planning some common collective works.