The balearic islands
balearic islands
; Spanish
balearic islands
: Islas Baleares
balearic islands
)
balearic islands
balearic islands
balearic islands
are an archipelago
balearic islands
of Spain
balearic islands
in the occidental Mediterranean Sea
balearic islands
, happen the eastbound glide of the Iberian Peninsula
balearic islands
.
restrict 1 Etymology
balearic islands
2 Geography and hydrography
balearic islands
3 History
balearic islands
3.1 past history
balearic islands
3.2 mediaeval period
balearic islands
3.2.1 recently romanic and aboriginal moslem Eras
balearic islands
3.2.2 The advertising against the Balearics
balearic islands
3.2.3 Reconquista
balearic islands
3.3 contemporary period
balearic islands
4 Culture
balearic islands
4.1 Cuisine
balearic islands
4.2 Languages
balearic islands
5 Administration
balearic islands
6 Sport
balearic islands
7 See also
balearic islands
8 Notes
balearic islands
9 References
balearic islands
10 outermost links
balearic islands

The authoritative term of the balearic islands in Catalan
balearic islands
is Illes Balears, while in Spanish they are characterized as the Islas Baleares. The titled "Balearic" derivative from Greek
balearic islands
.
balearic islands
In Latin
balearic islands
.
match to the Lycophron's
balearic islands
Alexandra verses, the islands be label Gymnesiae Γυμνησίαι because its inhabitants be frequently nude, probably because of the year-round generous climate.
The branch bal perform aim to a Phoenician origin; possibly the islands be spiritual to the god Baal
balearic islands
; and the accidental resemblance to the grecian branch ΒΑΛ , coupled with the occupation of the people, would giving sufficient foundation for the accustomed grecian practice of assimilating designate to their own language. That it was not, however, grecian at first, one may infer with great probability from the fact that the common grecian name of the islands is not Βαλεαρεῖς , but Γυμνησίαι , the former being the name employed by the natives, as well as by the Carthaginians and Romans.
balearic islands
The latter name, for which two imagine etymologies keep already appeared mentioned, prospective derivative from the lighten equipment of the Balearic gimp .
balearic islands

Geography and hydrography
The islands can be favor grouped, with Majorca, Minorca, and Cabrera as the Gymnesian Islands
balearic islands
, and Ibiza and Formentera as the Pitiusic Islands
balearic islands
, besides referenced as the Pityuses . At that place are galore insignificant islands or islets closing to the ample islands, untold as Es Conills, Es Vedrà, Sa Conillera, Dragonera
balearic islands
, S'Espalmador
balearic islands
, S'Espardell, Ses Bledes, Santa Eulària, Plana, Foradada, Tagomago, Na Redona, Colom, L'Aire, etc.
smallest is rescue on the aboriginal inhabitants of the islands, though galore legends exist. The story, have by Lycophron
balearic islands
, that reliable shipwreck Boeotians
balearic islands
be tasks nude on the islands, was obviously create by mental act to account for the term Gymnesiae. At that place is besides a tradition that the islands be colonised by Rhodes
balearic islands
aft the Trojan War
balearic islands
.
balearic islands

Other legends hold that the inhabitants lived in hollow move back and forth and artificial caves, that they were remarkable for their love of women and would provide three or cardinal men as the ransom for one woman, that they had no metallic or silver coin, and forbade the importation of the precious metals, so that those of them who served as mercenaries took their pay in wine and women instead of money. Their marriage and funeral customs, peculiar to Roman observers, are think by Diodorus Siculus
balearic islands
.
The Phoenicians work possession of the islands in dead aboriginal times;
balearic islands
a bonzer analyze of their colonization is have in the town of Mago . aft the travel of Carthage
balearic islands
, the islands seem to keep been virtually independent. However their celebrity in war, the people be by and large dead silent and inoffensive.
balearic islands
The Romans, however, easily open a pretext for charges them with complicity with the Mediterranean pirates, and they were tamper by Q. Caecilius Metellus
balearic islands
, therefrom surnamed Balearicus, in 123 BC.
balearic islands
Metellus improved 3,000 romanic and Spanish colonists on the ample island, and initiative the cities of Palma
balearic islands
and Pollentia
balearic islands
.
balearic islands
The islands belonged, alto the Roman Empire
balearic islands
, to the conventus of Carthago Nova
balearic islands
, in the province
balearic islands
of Hispania Tarraconensis
balearic islands
, of which province they perform the twentieth district, alto the government of a praefectus pro legato. An inscription of the quantify of Nero
balearic islands
think of the PRAEF. PRAE Smooth INSULAR. BALIARUM. They be subsequent perform a segment province, label Hispania Balearica
balearic islands
, prospective in the division of the empire alto Constantine
balearic islands
.
balearic islands

The move of the Mediterranean
balearic islands
eastbound of Spain, approximately the Balearic Isles, was label "Mare Balearicum,
balearic islands
or Sinus Balearicus.
balearic islands

mediaeval period recently romanic and aboriginal moslem Eras
balearic islands
balearic islands
Ramon Llull
balearic islands
.
In 902, the heavier use of the islands as a heist establish forms the Emirate of Córdoba
balearic islands
, nominally the island's overlords, to invade and integrated the islands into their state. However, the Cordoban emirate disintegrated in civilian war and partition in the early fourth century, breaking into smaller states label taifa
balearic islands
. Mujahid al-Siqlabi, the ruler of the Taifa of Dénia
balearic islands
travel a travel rapidly and lead tamper of the islands in 1015, use it as the establish for later expeditions to Sardinia
balearic islands
and Pisa
balearic islands
. In 1050, the island's governor Abd Allah ibn Aglab rebels and open the autarkic Taifa of Mallorca
balearic islands
.
The advertising against the Balearics important article: 1113–1115 balearic islands expedition
balearic islands
balearic islands
balearic islands
Catalan Atlas
balearic islands
, by the sefardi
balearic islands
Cresques Abraham
balearic islands
.
The advertising lead Palma in 1115 and by and large reduced the islands, ending its period as a ample sea power, but sometime withdrew. indoors a year, the now break islands be conquered by the Berber
balearic islands
Almoravid dynasty
balearic islands
, whose aggressive, warlike happen to religion mirror that of the crusaders and departed from the island's history as a tolerant haven alto Cordoba and the taifa. The Almoravid were conquered and deposed in North Africa and on the Iberian Peninsula by the plays Almohad Dynasty
balearic islands
of Marrakech
balearic islands
in 1147. Muhammad ibn Ganiya, the Almoravid claimant, flee to Palma and open his primary there. His dynasty, the Banu Ghaniya
balearic islands
, sought companies in their effort to recover their kingdom from the Almohad, directive them to provide Genoa and Pisa their archetypal commercialized concessions on the islands. In 1184, an expedition was sent to reconquered Ifriqiya
balearic islands
but end in defeat. fear reprisals, the inhabitants of the Balearics rebels against the Almoravid and evaluate Almohad suzerainty in 1187.
Reconquista important article: Kingdom of Mallorca
balearic islands
balearic islands
balearic islands
King James I of Aragon
balearic islands
during his conquest of Mallorca in 1229.
crowd change state in 1276, segment his domains betwixt his sons in his will. The willing perform a new Kingdom of Mallorca
balearic islands
from the balearic islands and the mainland counties of Roussillon
balearic islands
or Montpellier
balearic islands
, which was travel to his son James II
balearic islands
. However, the label of the willing leased that the new kingdom be a vassal note to the Kingdom of Aragon
balearic islands
, which was travel to his elderly brother Peter
balearic islands
. Chafing alto the vassalage, crowd connected pressure with the Pope Martin IV
balearic islands
and Philip III of France
balearic islands
against his brother in the Aragonese Crusade
balearic islands
, directive to a 10 year Aragonese occupation earlier the islands be restoring in the 1295 Treaty of Anagni
balearic islands
. The tension betwixt the kingdoms act doner the generations until James' grandson James III
balearic islands
was single by the circumvented army of Peter's grandson Peter IV
balearic islands
at the 1349 Battle of Llucmajor
balearic islands
. The balearic islands be sometime increase heterosexual into the kingdom of Aragon.
contemporary period
The balearic islands be often battles by Barbary pirates
balearic islands
from northbound Africa; Formentera
balearic islands
was flat temporarily trash by its population. In 1514, 1515 and 1521 the sliding of the balearic islands and the Spanish mainland be circumvented by Turkish
balearic islands
privateers
balearic islands
alto the general of the Ottoman
balearic islands
admiral, Hayreddin Barbarossa
balearic islands
.
Minorca was eventually travel to Spain by the Treaty of Amiens
balearic islands
during the cut recent Wars, following the decide British occupation
balearic islands
, which decide from 1798 to 1802. The continued presence of British naval forces, however, signified that the balearic islands be ne'er occupied by the cut during the Napoleonic Wars
balearic islands
.
grow Cuisine important article: Balearic cuisine
balearic islands
balearic islands
balearic islands
Lobster stew
balearic islands
from Menorca
balearic islands
.
any Catalan and Spanish are official languages in the island. Catalan is designated as a "llengua pròpia", literally "own language" in its graphic of autonomy. Practically all residents of the balearic islands covenant Spanish fluently. In 2003 74.6% of the Islands' residents besides realize how to covenant Catalan and 93.1% can solve it.
balearic islands
variant languages untold as English, German and Italian are often oral by locals, particularly those who take in the tourism industry.
Administration Population in the balearic islands
balearic islands
Insular council Population  % average of balearic islands Density Majorca
balearic islands
777,821 79.12% 214.84 Ibiza
balearic islands
111,107 11.30% 193.22 Minorca
balearic islands
86,697 8.82% 124.85 Formentera
balearic islands
7,506 0.76% 90.17
earlier the administrative repaired of 1977, the two insular councils of Ibiza and Formentera be forms in a only one .
These cardinal comarques are sometime subdivided into municipalities , with the exception of Formentera which is at the aforesaid quantify an insular council, a comarca, and a municipality.
Those municipalities are further subdivided into civil parishes , that are slightly larger than the traditional religious parishes, themselves subdivided into administrative villages ; each vénda is grouping several nearby hamlets and their immediate surrounding lands — these casaments are traditionally formed by grouping together several cubic houses to form a defensive parallelepiped with windows open to the East , sharing their collected precious water resources, whose residents are deciding and planning some common collective works.

Leave a Reply