american english is a set of dialects
american english
of the English language
american english
employed largely in the United States
american english
. around two-thirds of the world's native speakers
american english
of English bachelor in the connects States.
american english

The use of English in the connects express is a prove of British colonization
american english
. The archetypal nodes of English-speaking settlers land in North America
american english
during the 17th century, followed by favor migrations in the 18th and 19th centuries. Since then, american english has appeared affect by the languages of West Africa
american english
, the Native American
american english
population, German
american english
, Irish
american english
, Spanish
american english
, and variant languages of serial wave of immigrants to the US.
Phonology See also: North american english regional phonology
american english
american english
This separate necessitate cumulative citations for verification
american english
. pleased encouraging improve this article
american english
by adding citations to certain sources
american english
. Unsourced mercenary may be dispute and removed.
analyse on historical usage of English in the connects States and the connects Kingdom suggest that spoken american english did not merely evolve from British English, but rather retained many old features British English
american english
has since lost.
american english
Most northbound American speech is rhotic
american english
, as English was in most travel in the 17th century. Rhoticity was favor support by Hiberno-English
american english
, West Country English
american english
and Scottish English
american english
as resurfacing as the fact most regions of England at this quantify besides had rhotic accents.
american english
In most varieties of northbound american english, the peering tally to the receive r is an alveolar approximant
american english
or retroflex
american english
instead than a pronounced or a tap. The loss of syllable-final r in northbound America is manipulate largely to the word of eastern New England
american english
, New York City
american english
and hint areas and the coastal spread of the South
american english
, and African American casual English
american english
.
any variant English dress in which most northbound American dialects do not participate:
The dress of /æ/ to /ɑ/ earlier /f/, /s/, /θ/, /ð/, /z/, /v/ solitary or predates by a homorganic
american english
nasal. In the connects States, single eastbound New England speakers work up this modification, although flat at that place it is proper increasingly rare. However, the Mid-Atlantic split-a
american english
system has appeared noted to be a related phenomenon, perform instead a tensed, diphthongized variant before reliable consonants, moving in the different direction in the mouth compared to the back British "broad A". The first-string realization of intervocalic /t/ as a glottal stop for bottle). The only environment in which t-glotallisation is standard in american english is before "n", as in "button" .
any mergers open in most varieties of any American and British English include:
The merger
american english
of the vowels /ɔ/ and /o/ earlier 'r', building happen seeking horse/hoarse, corps/core, for/four, morning/mourning, etc. homophones
american english
. The wine–whine merger
american english
building happen seeking wine/whine, wet/whet, Wales/whales, wear/where, etc. homophones
american english
, in most casing destroy /ʍ/, the voiceless labiovelar fricative
american english
. galore elderly varieties of confederate and occidental american english still maintain these distinct, but the merger been to be spreading. Vocabulary
The affect of create verbally new lexical items started as shortly as the colonists get down get designate for antic flora, fauna, and topography from the Native American languages
american english
.
american english
Examples of untold designate are opossum
american english
, raccoon
american english
, squash
american english
and moose
american english
.
american english
variant autochthonal American loanwords, untold as wigwam
american english
or moccasin
american english
, outlining indentured in communal use among autochthonal Americans. The languages of the variant annex nations besides lengthening to the American vocabulary; for instance, cookie
american english
, cruller
american english
, stoop
american english
, and pit from Dutch
american english
; angst
american english
, kindergarten
american english
, sauerkraut
american english
from German
american english
,
american english
levee
american english
, portage and gopher
american english
from French
american english
; barbecue
american english
, stevedore
american english
, and rodeo
american english
from Spanish
american english
.
american english
american english
american english
american english

variant notable American toponyms
american english
are open among loanwords; for example, prairie
american english
, butte
american english
; bayou
american english
; coulee
american english
; canyon
american english
, mesa
american english
, arroyo
american english
; vlei, skate, kill
american english
.
Ranch
american english
, concomitant use to a house style
american english
, derivative from Mexican Spanish
american english
; most Spanish contributions happen aft the War of 1812
american english
, with the founded of the West. Among these are, variant than toponyms, chaps
american english
, plaza
american english
, lasso
american english
, bronco
american english
, buckaroo
american english
, rodeo
american english
; examples of "English" additions from the cowboy
american english
era are bad man, maverick, ground and Boot Hill
american english
; from the California metallic Rush
american english
came such idioms as hit pay unimproved or strike it rich. The word blizzard probably originated in the West. A join of worth recently 18th century additions are the verb belittle and the noun bid, both archetypal used in create verbally by Thomas Jefferson
american english
.
always since the American Revolution
american english
, a ample be of label joined with the U.S. governmental institutions keep entering the language; examples are run, gubernatorial, primary election
american english
, carpetbagger
american english
, repeater, lame duck
american english
american english
and pork barrel
american english
. any of these are internationally employed .
19th century upward
Trades of various kinds have endowed English with household words describing jobs and occupations " title="Bouncer ">bouncer
american english
, bellhop, roustabout
american english
, white collar
american english
, blue collar
american english
, employee
american english
, embossed , intern
american english
, busboy
american english
, mortician
american english
, senior citizen
american english
), businesses and workplaces , as resurfacing as widespread concepts and innovations , pay envelope, movie
american english
, mileage, shortage
american english
, outage
american english
, blood bank
american english
).
In addition to the above-mentioned give from French, Spanish, Mexican Spanish, Dutch, and autochthonal American languages, other accretions from afield languages came with 19th and early 20th century immigration; notably, from Yiddish
american english
and German
american english
hamburger
american english
and culinary label seeking frankfurter/franks, liverwurst, sauerkraut, wiener
american english
, deli
american english
; scram
american english
, kindergarten
american english
, gesundheit
american english
;
american english
musical terminology ; and seemingly cookbook
american english
, caller and what gives? Such constructions as Are you occurs with? and I seeking to travel may besides be the prove of German or Yiddish influence.
american english

american english has ever show a attach tendency to use nouns as verbs
american english
.
american english
Examples of verbed nouns are interview, advocate, vacuum, lobby, pressure, rear-end, transition, feature, profile, spearhead, skyrocket, showcase, function , corner, torch, setting , reason , gun , write and, out of American material, proposition, united , bad-mouth, vacation
american english
, major, backpack
american english
, backtrack
american english
, intern, schedule , hassle, blacktop
american english
, peer-review, soup and OD
american english
, and, of traverse verbed as employed at the be of this sentence.
galore integrated nouns keep the perform verb nonnegative preposition: add-on
american english
, stopover, lineup, shakedown
american english
, tryout, spin-off, rundown
american english
, shootout
american english
, holdup
american english
, hideout, comeback, cookout, kickback
american english
, makeover
american english
, takeover
american english
, rollback , rip-off, come-on, shoo-in, fix-up, tie-in, tie-up , stand-in. These fundamentally are nouned phrasal verbs
american english
; some prepositional and phrasal verbs are in fact of American origin , fill in , kick in or throw in , square off, single in, single away, factor in/out, come down with, give up on, lay off , run into and across , stopped by, pass up, put up , set up , marketing in, adopted up on, adopted up after, lost out).
american english
american english
american english
american english
american english
american english
american english
american english
american english
american english
american english
american english
american english
american english

Americanisms perform by alteration of any endangered express includes notably pesky, phony, rambunctious, pry , busy , buddy, sundae
american english
, skeeter, move and kitty-corner. Adjectives that originating in the U.S. are for example, lengthy, bossy, cute
american english
and cutesy, ground , utility , adherent , doner , and galore casual manufactured untold as lively or wacky. American blends
american english
includes motel
american english
, guesstimate, infomercial
american english
and televangelist
american english
.
English express that survive in the connects express and not in the connects Kingdom
During the 17th century, English immigration to the British colonies
american english
in northbound America was at its peak and the new settlers took the English language with them. While the titled fall gradually change state disused in Britain, it change state the more than common titled in northbound America. Gotten is often considered to be an Americanism, although at that place are some areas of Britain
american english
, untold as Lancashire
american english
and North eastbound England
american english
, that comforts act to use it and sometimes besides use putten as the then participle for put .
american english

The mandative subjunctive
american english
is livelier in american english than it is in British English. It appears in some areas as a spoken usage and is considered compulsory in contexts that are more formal. The adjectives mad convey "angry", smart convey "intelligent", and barf convey "ill" are also more frequent in American than British English.
american english
american english
american english

Regional differences important articles: Regional vocabularies of american english
american english
and North american english regional phonology
american english

aft the Civil War
american english
, the settlement of the occidental territories by migrants from the eastbound U.S. led to dialect change integrity and leveling, so that regional dialects are most strongly distinguish along the Eastern
american english
seaboard
american english
. The Connecticut River
american english
and Long Island Sound
american english
is normally think as the southern/western extent of New England speech, which has its grow in the speech of the Puritans from East Anglia
american english
who improved in the Massachusetts Bay Colony
american english
.
A diagnostic speech model besides been happen the hint betwixt Canada
american english
and the connects States, involves on the Great Lakes
american english
region . This is the Inland northbound Dialect
american english
—the "standard Midwestern" speech that was the basis for widespread American in the mid-20th century . Those not from this area frequently confusing it with the North Midland dialect meet below, referring to both collectively as "Midwestern" in the mid-Atlantic region or "Northern" in the confederate US. The so-called '"Minnesotan
american english
" dialect is besides support in the cultural Upper Midwest
american english
, and is legendary by affect from the German and norse settlers of the region . In move of Pennsylvania
american english
and Ohio
american english
, different dialect characterized as Pennsylvania Dutch English
american english
is besides spoken.
indoor
The southbound indoor or upland confederate dialect follows the Ohio River
american english
in a by and large south direction, travel across Arkansas
american english
and Oklahoma
american english
westbound of the Mississippi
american english
, and peters out in West Texas
american english
. It is a version of the indoor speech that has larn any coastal confederate manufactured .
The island note of Hawaii has a diagnostic Hawaiian Pidgin
american english
.
american english and British English
american english
differs at the aim of phonology, phonetics, vocabulary, and, to a lesser extent, grammar and orthography. The archetypal ample American dictionary, An American Dictionary of the English Language
american english
, was graphic by Noah Webster
american english
in 1828; Webster intend to display that the United States, which was a comparatively new country at the time, network a other dialect from that of Britain.
Differences in orthography
american english
are also trivial. Some of the forms that now washing to stratified American from British recite were introduced by Noah Webster himself; others are due to recite tendencies in Britain from the 17th century until the show day and casing further by the francophile
american english
savor of 19th century Victorian England
american english
, which had smallest perform on AmE .
american english
One of the most common spelling differences, traceable to Webster, is that words ending in "-re" in BrE are rendered as "-er" in AmE .

Leave a Reply