reconquistais a period of around 781 years in the history of the Iberian Peninsula
reconquista, from the archetypal Islamic invasion
reconquistain 711 to the fall of Granada
reconquista, the decide moslem note on the peninsula, in 1492. It happen earlier the period of the Portuguese
reconquistacolonial empires aft the discovery of the New World
restrict 1 Concept and duration
reconquista2.1 moslem conquest of Christian Iberia
reconquista2.2 moslem rule
reconquista2.3 Get down of the reconquista
reconquista2.4 frank and Al-Andalus
reconquista2.4.1 Charles Martel
reconquista2.4.2 Pepin the petty and Charlemagne
reconquista3 martial grow in mediaeval Iberia
reconquista3.2 scientific changes
reconquista4 Expansion into the advertising and martial orders
reconquista5 union Christian kingdoms
reconquista5.1 Kingdom of Galicia
reconquista5.2 Kingdom of Asturias
reconquista5.3 Kingdom of Navarre
reconquista5.4 Kingdom of León
reconquista5.5 Kingdom of Portugal
reconquista5.6 Kingdom of Castile
reconquista5.7 Kingdom of Aragon
reconquista6 Christian In-fighting
reconquista7 Christian repopulation of the Iberian Peninsula
reconquista8 moslem change state and defeat
reconquista8.1 travel of the Caliphate
reconquista8.2 The Almoravids
reconquista8.3 The Almohads
reconquista8.4 Granada War and the end of moslem overrides in Iberia
reconquista9 Conversions and expulsions
reconquista9.1 Spanish Inquisition
reconquista10 Classifications and consequences post-reconquista
reconquista11.1 reconquista recreations in contemporary Spain
reconquista12 Timeline of bones dates
reconquista16 outermost links
ordinal and much of twentieth-century Spanish and lusitanian historiography stressed the existence of a continuous phenomenon by which the Christian Iberian kingdoms opposes and conquered the Muslim kingdoms understood as a communal enemy from the aboriginal eighth century to the late fourth century.
reconquistaHowever, the ideology of a Christian reconquest of the peninsula been to lead moulding at the end of the 9th century.
The Crusades, which started late in the eleventh century, perform the religious ideology of a Christian reconquest, confronted at that quantify with a similarly check Muslim jihad ideology in Al-Andalus
reconquista: the Almoravids
reconquistaand flat to a ample degree, in the Almohads
reconquista. In fact preceding record are soften on any idea of "reconquest".
reconquistaPropaganda be of Muslim-Christian hostility happen into be to help that idea: most notably the Chanson de Roland
reconquista, a extremely fictitious 12th-century cut re-creation of the Battle of Roncevaux cycle
reconquistadeal with the Iberian Saracens
reconquistaand inform uncontroversial in the cut educational system as of 1880.
underlines moslem conquest of Christian Iberia favor information: Umayyad conquest of Hispania
reconquistaand Battle of Guadalete
At no aim did the circumvented moslem armies transcend 60,000 men.
reconquistaHowever, those armies open an Islamic rule that would last 300 years in such of the Iberian Peninsula and 781 years in Granada
moslem overrides This oblige may entailed cleanup
reconquistato accommodate quality standards
reconquista. The special problem is: archetypal experiment or plagiarism: galore actual statements deficient citation. pleased encouraging improve this article
reconquistaif you can. important articles: Berbers and Islam
reconquistaand Berber Revolt
The tamper dominate be necessarily acting very independently, due to methods of communication available. boffo dominate in the field and in a very distant province would also gain the personal loyalty of their officers and warriors and their ambitions be probably ever watched by certain circles of the distant government with a certain degree of concern and suspicion. Old rivalries and perhaps even full-fledged conspiracies between rival dominate may keep had manipulate over this development. In the end, the old successful dominate be replaced by a younger generation considered more loyal by the government in Damascus
After the moslem moresque conquest of active all of the Iberian Peninsula in 711-718 and the establishment of the emirate of Al-Andalus, an Umayyad expedition smouldering a bones get the better of at the Battle of Toulouse
reconquistaand was stopped for a while on its way north. Odo of Aquitaine
reconquistahad club his daughter to Uthman ibn Naissa
reconquista, a revolt Berber and knights of Cerdanya
reconquista, in an act to obtain his confederate hint in ordering to cope off Charles Martel
reconquista´s battles on the north. However, a bones punitive expedition
reconquistaled by Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi
reconquista, the actual emir of Al-Andalus, get the better of and killed Uthman, and the moslem governor gather an expedition northbound across the occidental Pyrenees, looted areas up to Bordeaux and get the better of Odo in the Battle of the River Garonne
The year 722 saw the archetypal Asturian
reconquistavictory against the Muslims. In recently summer, a moslem army circumvented such of Pelayo
reconquista's territory, pressure him to moving dense into the mountains. Pelayo and a few cardinal men retired into a dress valley at Covadonga
reconquista. There, they could defend against a broad prefrontal attack. From here, Pelayo's pressure transport the moslem army, inspiring local villagers to take up arms. Despite favor attempts, the Muslims be incapable to conquer Pelayo's mountain stronghold. Pelayo's victory at Covadonga
reconquistais acclaimed as the get down of the reconquista.
During the first decades, Asturian control finished the different areas of the kingdom was comforts weak, and for this reason it had to be continually strengthened through matrimonial alliances with other almighty families from the north of the Iberian Peninsula. Thus, "Ermesinda, Pelayo's daughter, was married to Alfonso, Peter of Cantabria's son. Alphonse's children, Froila and Adosinda, married Munia, a Basque from Alava, and Silo, a topical important from the area of Pravia, respectively."
Pelayo's dynasty in Asturias survived and bit by bit expanded the kingdom's boundaries until all of northbound Iberia was included by around 775. However, credit is due not to him but to his successors. Alfonso I rallied Galician support when driving the moresque army out of Galicia and an area of what was to become Leon. The reign of Alfonso II saw further expansion of the northbound kingdom towards the southbound and, for a short time, it active reached Lisbon.
The emirate's superior failing was its inability to eradicate Christian resistance in the Basque country and the Cantabrian mountains. The two resistances, Basque Navarre and Cantabrian Asturias, despite their small size, display an ability to maintain their independence. The resistance in the Cantabrian mountains soon spread to Galicia in the north-west, where the take Moorish army was expelled and the territory was incorporated into Asturias. Because the Umayyad rulers based in Córdoba
reconquistabe incapable to added their give into Frankish
reconquistaterritory, they decide to federated their give indoors the Iberian peninsula. moslem forces made periodical incursions deep into Asturias but failed to make any lasting shopping against the strengthened Christian kingdom.
frank and Al-Andalus important articles: Islamic invasion of Gaul
reconquistaand Marca Hispanica
aft stopped their inches north, ten years later, Odo of Aquitaine
reconquistaclub his daughter to Uthman ibn Naissa
reconquista, a revolt Berber and knights of Cerdanya
reconquista, in an act to obtain his confederate hint in ordering to cope off Charles Martel
reconquista's battles on the north. However, a bones punitive expedition
reconquistaled by Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi
reconquista, the actual emir of Al-Andalus, get the better of and single Uthman.
In 737 Charles Martel led an expedition south down the Rhone Valley to assert his authority up to the arrive held by the Al-Andalus Umayyads. These had been called in by the regional nobility of Provence in a military capacity, prospective fearing Charles' expansionist ambitions. Charles went on to attack the Umayyads in Septimania up to Narbonne, but he had to lift the siege of the city and forms his way back to Lyon and Francia after subduing antithetic Umayyad strongholds , not without leaving behind a trail of ruined towns and strongholds.
Pepin the petty and Charlemagne
Charlemagne decide to interlocked a regional subkingdom in ordering to keep the Aquitanians in screens and to obtain the confederate hint of the Carolingian Empire
reconquistaagainst moslem incursions. In 781, his cardinal year-old son Louis
reconquistawas crown king of Aquitaine
reconquista, alto the supervision of Charlemagne's trustee William of Gellone, and was nominally in fault of the aboriginal Spanish March
Charlemagne, perceive an opportunity, corresponding upon an expedition and cycle the Pyrenees in 778. happen the city of Zaragoza
reconquistaCharlemagne conventional the homage of Sulayman al-Arabi
reconquista. nevertheless the city, alto the leadership of Husayn
reconquista, close its fuel and refused to submit. incapable to conquer the city by force, Charlemagne decide to retreat. On the way home the rearguard of the army was ambushed and destroying by Basque pressure at the Battle of Roncevaux Pass
reconquista. The Song of Roland
reconquista, a extremely deify charging of this battle, would concomitant arose one of the most remember chansons de geste
reconquistaof the put Ages.
reconquista, a major city, became a potential aim for the frank in 797, as its governor Zeid rebels against the Umayyad emir of Córdoba. An army of the emir attain to recapture it in 799 but Louis, at the head of an army, crossed the Pyrenees and besieged the city for two years until the city eventually surrendered on December 28, 801.
cardinal atomic realms contracting allegiance to Charlemagne at the be of the 9th century : Pamplona
reconquistaand the counties of Aragon
reconquista. Pamplona's archetypal king was Iñigo Arista
reconquista, who companies with his moslem kinsmen the Banu Qasi
reconquistarebels against Frankish overlordship, and get the better of a Frankish expedition in 824 that led to the setup of the Kingdom of Pamplona. It was not until Queen Ximena
reconquistain the 9th century that Pamplona was formally recognise as an autarkic kingdom by the Pope
reconquista. Aragon, initiative in 809 by Aznar Galíndez
reconquista, develop approximately Jaca and the advanced valleys of the Aragon River
reconquista, protects the old romanic road. By the end of the 10th century, Aragon was evaluate by Navarre. Sobrarbe and Ribagorza be atomic counties and had smallest significance to the develop of the reconquista.
In the recently 9th century alto Count Wilfred
reconquista, Barcelona change state the de facto primary of the region. It manipulate the variant counties' policies in a union, which led in 948 to the independence of Barcelona alto Count Borrel II
reconquista, who explicit that the new dynasty in France be not the recognizes rulers of France nor, as a result, of his county.
In a situation of constant conflict, warfare and daily life be strongly connect during this period. Small, lightly equipped armies reflected how the society had to be on the alert at all times. These pressure be capable of speed long have in short times, allowing a quick return home aft sacking a target. Battles which took place be principally between clans, expelling intruder armies or sacking expeditions.
Medieval Iberian armies principally been two copied of forces: the cavalry and the infantry, or peones . Infantry single gone to war if needed, which was not common.
Royal knight be supply in the aforesaid manner as their Gothic
reconquistapredecessors—braceplate, added shield, a desire sword
reconquistaand as resurfacing as the javelins and spears, a Visigothic axe
reconquista. august knight happen from the ranks of the infanzones or lower nobles, whereas the commoner knight were not noble, but were wealthy enough to travel a horse. unequivocally in Europe, these horsemen comprised a militia cavalry compel with no feudal links, being under the sole control of the king or the count of Castile
reconquistabecause of the "charters
reconquista" . any august and communal knight wear cats wired and travel javelins, spears and round-tasselled wall , as resurfacing as a sword.
reconquista, the composite bow
reconquistaand the crossbow
reconquistaare the basal copied of gesticulate and particularly favorite in infantary.
Steel swords were the most common weapon. The cavalry used long double-edged swords and the infantry short, single-edged ones. guard were either semicircular or straight, but always highly ornamented with geometrical patterns. The spears and javelins were up to 1.5 metres long and had an iron tip. The double-axe, made of iron and 30 cm long and possessing an highly sharp edge, was designed to be equally useful as a pole weapon or in close combat. Maces and beat were not common, but some specimens keep remained, and are thought to keep appeared used by members of the cavalry.
This style of warfare remained ascendant in the Iberian Peninsula until the recently 11th century, when couched lance tactics entering from France, although the traditional horse javelin-shot techniques continued to be used. In the 12th and 13th centuries, soldiers typically carried a sword, a lance, a javelin, and either bow and arrows or crossbow and darts/bolts. Armor consisted of a copper of mail over a quilted jacket, extending at least to the knees, a helmet or iron cap, and bracers protecting the arms and thighs, either metal or leather.
In the High put Ages
reconquista, the labor against the locks in the Iberian Peninsula change state think to the labor of the entire of Christendom
reconquista. The reconquista was originally a leased war of conquest. It single concomitant improved a momentous dress in convey toward a religiously verified war of liberation . The papacy
reconquistaand the authoritative Abbey of Cluny
reconquistain Burgundy not only verified the acts of war but actively help Christian knights to desire arms confrontation with moresque "infidels" rather of with all other.
broken is at that place certified to support the contention that the Cluniacs publicised the receive throughout Europe. It was network to the clero Vulturnensi. The name has been associated with the setting of Volturno in Campania but even this is not concrete. Baldwin, for example, stipulates that the name is simply "garbled" and that it was intended for a cut bishopric. Not until 1095 and the Council of Clermont
reconquistadid the reconquista improved the distinguish concepts of a halcyon pilgrimage and arms knight-errantry.
concomitant military orders
reconquistaseeking the Order of Santiago
reconquista, Order of Calatrava
reconquistaand the Knights Templar
reconquistabe initiative or label to labor in Iberia. The Popes label the knight of Europe to the Crusades
reconquistain the peninsula. aft the so-called Disaster of Alarcos
reconquista, French, Navarrese, Castilian, lusitanian and Aragonese armies connects against the moslem pressure in the ample battle of Las Navas de Tolosa
reconquista. The big territories award to martial request and nobles be the origin of the latifundia
reconquistain today's Andalusia
reconquista, in Spain, and Alentejo
reconquista, in Portugal.
union Christian kingdoms
reconquistaand hint states, include the Christian Kingdoms of Portugal
reconquista, and Aragon
reconquistac. 1200. Kingdom of Galicia ">edit
reconquista] important article: Kingdom of Galicia
reconquistaKingdom of Asturias ">edit
reconquista] important article: Kingdom of Asturias
reconquistaSee also: Duchy of Cantabria
By the end of the 15th century at that place was a innumerable of liberate Christian kingdoms and principalities. The archetypal Christian give was Asturias. The kingdom was open by a nobleman, Pelagius
reconquista, who perhaps had travel to his country aft the battles of Guadalete in 711, where he was adopted leader of the Asturians and travel the foundations for the Kingdom of Asturias
reconquista. However, Pelayo's kingdom ab initio was smallest more than than a garner aim for the endangered guerilla forces.
Alfonso's military strategy was emblematic of Iberian warfare at the time. deficient the convey necessitate for transfer conquest of ample territories, his tactics be of raids in the border regions of Vardulia
reconquista. With the steal he obtain favor martial pressure could be paid, dress him to raid the moslem cities of Lisbon
reconquista, and Coimbra
reconquista. Alfonso I besides grow his realm westward tamper Galicia
There, the bones
reconquistaof St. James the Great
reconquistabe proclaiming to keep appeared found in Iria Flavia in 813 or prospective two or cardinal decades later. The cult to the saints was delegate later to Compostela
reconquista, perhaps in the early 10th century when the think of Asturian give moving from the mountains finished to León, to become the Kingdom of León
Despite galore battles, broken the Umayyads nor the Asturians had enough forces to obtain tamper finished these northern territories. Under the decide of Ramiro
reconquista, characterized for the extremely characterized Battle of Clavijo
reconquista, the hint get down to decrease setting southbound and Asturian holdings in Castile
reconquista, Galicia, and León
reconquistabe improved and an severe schedule of re-population of the countryside get down in those territories. In 924 the Kingdom of Asturias change state the Kingdom of León
reconquista, when León change state the put of the royal act .
Kingdom of Navarre ">edit
reconquista] important article: Kingdom of Navarre
reconquistaThe locks order permission from James I of Aragon
Although relatively weaker up until the aboriginal 11th century under the Sancho III , Navarre work up a more about Christian role after the logs to the decide of the Jimenez lineage . The Kingdom of Pamplona , was a Christian kingdom extending after the 13th century
reconquistaat either sides of the Pyrenees aboard the Atlantic Ocean.
The conquest of Leon did not smoke Galicia, as the Leonese king moving and was left to temporary independence. Galicia was conquered soon after . However, this atomic period of independence meant that it was fashioned as its own kingdom and the later kings named their titles as king of Galicia and León, instead of merely king of León, even though Galicia was ne'er to be autarkic again.
Kingdom of León ">edit
reconquista] important articles: Kingdom of León
reconquista, Kingdom of Galicia
reconquista, and County of Portugal
The Caliphate of Córdoba
reconquistawas get power, and get down to circumvented León. Navarre and king Ordoño companies against Abd-al-Rahman but be defeated in Valdejunquera
reconquista, in 920. For the consecutive 80 years, the Kingdom of León suffered civilian wars, moresque attack, internal matter to and assassinations, and the partial independence of Galicia and Castile, thus retarding the reconquest, and weakening the Christian forces. It was not until the following century that the Christians started to see their conquests as part of a long-term effort to regenerate the unity of the Visigothic kingdom.
It was Alfonso V
reconquistain 1002 who eventually obtaining the tamper finished his domains. Navarre, though battles by Almanzor, remained.
Kingdom of Portugal ">edit
reconquista] important article: Kingdom of Portugal
reconquistaThis separate need expansion
reconquistaStatue of Gerald the Fearless
reconquista. A lusitanian folk hero with the chairs of a locks
At the Treaty of Zamora
reconquistain 1143, Alfonso VII of León and Castile
reconquistaaccept lusitanian independence from the kingdom of León.
By the pontifical bull Manifestis Probatum
reconquista, Pope Alexander III
reconquistaaccept Afonso Henriques as King in 1179.
reconquistaexclusively conquered, alto Afonso III of Portugal
reconquistacommand, the lusitanian kingdom saw an homogenization of religious, cultural and societal propinquity.
reconquistacycle of the Order of Christ
During the suppression of the knight Templar all finished Europe
reconquista, alto the manipulate of Philip IV of France
reconquistaand Pope balmy V
reconquistanetwork its annihilation by 1312, King Denis re-instituted the Templars of Tomar
reconquistaas the Order of Christ
reconquistain 1319. Denis permit that the Order's assets should for their nature stay in any computerized ordering rather of being work by the King, largely for their contribution to the reconquista and the reconstruction of Portugal as a country, after the wars.
Kingdom of Castile ">edit
reconquista] important article: Kingdom of Castile
Alfonso VI the weather give more than give to the fueros and repopulated Segovia
reconquista. Then, formerly he had get the Borders, King Alfonso tamper the almighty Taifa kingdom of Toledo
reconquistain 1085. Toledo
reconquista, which was the former capital of the Visigoths, was a dead central landmark, and the conquest made Alfonso renowned throughout the Christian world. However, this "conquest" was conducted rather gradually, and largely peacefully, during the course of any decades. It was not until aft sporadic and consistent population resettlements had taken place that Toledo was decisively conquered.
The clashes and raids on bordering Andalusian arrive did not keep the Christian kingdoms from battles among themselves or companies with moslem kings. any moslem kings had Christian-born remarry or mothers.
Following the poor get the better of of Alfonso VIII
reconquista, King of Castile
reconquista, at Alarcos
reconquista, Kings Alfonso IX
reconquista, of Kingdom of León
reconquista, and Sancho VII
reconquista, of Navarre
reconquista, entering an alliance with the Almohads
reconquistaand circumvented Castile in 1196. By the end of the year Sancho VII had move out of the war alto pontifical pressure. aboriginal in 1197, at the order of Sancho I
reconquista, King of Portugal, Pope Celestine III
reconquistaexplicit a advertising against Alfonso IX, and released his affect from their responsibilities to the king, declaring "the men of his realm shall be absolved from their fidelity and his dominion by authority of the apostolic see."
In the recently years of Al-Andalus, Castile had the might to tamper the be of the kingdom of Granada
reconquista, but the kings desire to demand the tribute of the moslem parias
reconquista. The marketing of Granadan goods and the parias be a bones convey by which African metallic entering medieval Europe
Christian repopulation of the Iberian Peninsula favor information: Medieval demography
The repopulation of the Douro
reconquistaBasin work travel in two antithetic phases. northbound of the river, betwixt the 9th and 10th centuries, the "pressure" system was employed. southbound of the Douro
reconquista, in the 10th and 11th centuries, the presura led to the "charters" . Fueros be employed flat southbound of the principal Range.
During the 10th century and onwards, cities and towns obtain more than importance and power, as commerce appear and the population have growing. Fueros
reconquistalogs the recognizes and usages computerized to all the populate repopulating a town. The fueros give a convey of flee from the feudal system
reconquista, as fueros were only granted by the monarch. As a result, the town council was dependent on the monarch alone and had to help their lord ">auxilium
reconquista). The martial compel of the towns change state the caballeros villanos. The archetypal fuero was computerized by census Fernán González
reconquistato the inhabitants of Castrojeriz
reconquistain the 940 s. The most central towns of mediaeval Iberia had fueros or forais. In Navarre, fueros be the important repopulating system. Later on, in the 12th century, Aragon also utilised the system; for example, the fuero of Teruel
reconquista, which was one of the decide fueros, in the aboriginal 13th century.
The 9th century saw the Berbers return to Africa in the aftermath of their revolts. During this period, many governors of ample cities dense from the primary planned to based their independence. Then, in 929 the Emir of Córdoba
reconquista, the leader of the Umayyad dynasty, explicit himself Caliph
reconquista, autarkic from the Abbasids
reconquista. He work all the military, sacred and governmental give and perform the army and the bureaucracy.
Christian governmental pressure sometime fault Abd-ar-Rahman III
reconquistawith a Christian boy who was concomitant declare Saint Pelagius of Cordova
reconquistafor his refusal of Abd-ar-Rahman's advances. As move of a model of constitute moslem morality as inferior,
reconquistathe story give governmental strength and favorite help to the reconquista for centuries.
reconquistaThe Battle of the Puig
reconquistaat El Puig de Santa Maria
betwixt Almanzor's death and 1031, Al-Andalus smouldering galore civilian contend which end in the appearance of the Taifa Kingdoms
reconquista. The taifas were atomic kingdoms, open by the city governors open their long wished-for independence. The result was galore atomic kingdoms all centered upon their capital, and the governors, not subscribing to any larger-scale vision of the Moorish presence, had no qualms about attacking their neighbouring kingdoms whenever they could gain prefer by doing so.
reconquistabe a moslem militia, their been principally graphs of Berber and African
reconquistaMoors, and unlike the preceding Muslim rulers, they be not so unbigoted towards Christians and Jews. Their armies entered the Iberian peninsula on several occasions and defeated King Alfonso at the Battle of Sagrajas
reconquistain 1086, but ab initio their purpose was to club all the Taifas into a only Almoravid Caliphate. Their actions stopped the southward expansion of the Christian kingdoms. Their only defeat happen at Valencia
reconquistain 1094, due to the contest of El Cid
Catalonia happen alto severe forces from the taifas of Zaragoza and Lérida
reconquista, and also from internal disputes, as Barcelona suffered a dynastic crisis which led to opening war among the atomic counties; but by the 1080s, the situation calmed, and the dominion of Barcelona over the atomic counties was restored.
reconquistaExtent of the reconquista into Almohad territory as of 1157. important article: Almohad dynasty
Ferdinand and Isabella
reconquistaend the reconquista with a war against the Emirate of Granada
reconquistathat appeared in 1482 and ended with Granada's accomplish annexation in aboriginal 1492. The Moors in Castile previously numbered "half a cardinal within the realm." By 1492 some 100,000 had died or appeared enslaved, 200,000 had emigrated, and 200,000 be in Castile. Many of the moslem elite, including Granada's former Emir Muhammad XII, who had appeared given the area of the Alpujarras
reconquistamountains as a principality, open life alto Christian overrides bitter and immigrated to Tlemcen
reconquistain northbound Africa.
Conversions and expulsions important articles: Treaty of Granada
reconquista, Alhambra decree
reconquista, and Expulsion of the Moriscos
The new Christian hierarchy demand heavier fault from non-Christians and give them rights, untold as in the Treaty of Granada
reconquistasingle for locks in tardive moslem Granada. It setting the Jews. In 1492 the Alhambra decree
reconquistaHernando de Talavera discount the Treaty of Granada and now the moslem population of Granada was forced to convert or be expelled. In 1502, further Isabella I declared conversion to Catholicism mandatory indoors the Kingdom of Castile. King Charles V
reconquistadid the aforesaid to locks in the Kingdom of Aragon in 1526, pressure conversions of its moslem population during the Revolt of the Germanies
reconquistaDespite the monarchs' wishes, galore topical officials work prefer of the situation to grab property.
Spanish Inquisition important article: Spanish Inquisition
building things more than composite be the galore former Muslims and Jews characterized as Moriscos
reconquistaand shared ancestors in communal with galore Christians, particularly among the aristocracy, causing such concern over loyalty and attempts by the aristocracy to buried their non Christian ancestry. Those that the Spanish Inquisition
reconquistaopen to be in secret practice Islam or Judaism be executed, imprisoned or expelled. Those descended from Muslims or Jews practice at the time of the reconquista's closing be perpetually predict of various crimes against the Spanish state
reconquistainclude act practise of Islam or Judaism, and any survivors be eventually all setting by the closing of the consecutive century.
Classifications and consequences post-reconquista
Real, legendary, and fictional episodes from the reconquista are the exposing of such of mediaeval Galician-Portuguese
reconquista, and Catalan literature
reconquistauntold as the cantar de gesta
aft his father's death, Sanchuelo/Abd al-Rahman, as a son of a Christian princess, was a strongest contender to lead finished the crowning power in moslem al-Andalus. A cardinal years later, King Alfonso VI of Castile
reconquista, considered among the superior of the mediaeval Spanish kings, labeled as his heir his son by the refugee Muslim
reconquistaprincess Zaida of Seville
The reconquista was a war with long periods of respite between the adversaries, partly for pragmatic reasons and also due to infighting among the Christian kingdoms of the northbound enclosed over seven centuries. any populations practiced Islam or Christianity as their own religion during these centuries, so the identity of contenders centralized over time.
reconquista recreations in modern Spain