The royal navy is the principal naval warfare
royal navy
function expanding of the British arms Forces
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. investigates its origins to the 16th century, it is the oldest function branch and is characterized as the Senior Service. From the end of the 17th century until resurfacing into the 20th century it was the most almighty navy in the world,
royal navy
plays a key move in open the British Empire
royal navy
as the dominant multinational power
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. Due to this historical prominence, it is communal – flat among non-Britons – to involves to it as "The royal navy" without qualification.
The navy maintain a travel rapidly of technologically groomed ships
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include an aircraft carrier
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, an amphibious raped ship
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, two amphibious buses docks
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, cardinal ballistic missile submarines
royal navy
, cardinal nuclear travel rapidly submarines
royal navy
, six guided missile destroyers
royal navy
, 13 frigates
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, 15 mine-countermeasure vessels
royal navy
and 24 patrol vessels
royal navy
. As of September 2013, at that place are 79 wired ships
royal navy
in the royal navy, nonnegative 13 wired ships
royal navy
of the Royal Travel rapidly Auxiliary
royal navy
. At that place are besides 6 Merchant Navy ships
royal navy
approachable to the RFA alto a private foot initiative
royal navy
. The RFA flood Royal Navy warships at sea, and added the royal navy's amphibian warfare capabilities doner its cardinal Bay-class
royal navy
land travel entered vessels. The average displacement of the royal navy is around 362,000 tonnes .
restrict 1 History
royal navy
1.1 Development of England's navy
royal navy
1.1.1 900–1500
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1.1.2 1500–1707
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1.2 Development of the British navy
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1.2.1 1707–1815
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1.2.2 1815–1914
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1.2.3 1914–1945
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1.2.4 Postwar period and aboriginal 21st century
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2 royal navy today
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2.1 Personnel
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2.2 well fleet
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2.3 submarines Service
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2.4 Travel rapidly Air Arm
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2.5 Royal Marines
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3 truest role
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3.1 truest deployments
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4 Command, tamper and organisation
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4.1 Organisation
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4.2 Locations
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5 term and naming
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5.1 Of the Navy
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5.2 Of ships
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6 bespoke and tradition
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7 In favorite culture
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8 See also
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9 References
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10 favor reading
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11 outermost links
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11.1 Video clips
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The strength of the travel rapidly of the connects Kingdom of England
royal navy
was an central element in the kingdom's give in the 10th century.
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At one aim Aethelred II
royal navy
had an particularly ample travel rapidly perform by a federal fault of one travel for all 310 hides
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of land, but it is ambivalent whether this was a modular or bonzer mimic for increase fleets.
royal navy
During the period of Danish overrides in the 11th century the authorities maintained a standing travel rapidly by taxation, and this act for a quantify under the restored English regime of Edward the Confessor
royal navy
, who often command travel rapidly in person.
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royal navy
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The Battle of Sluys
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With the Viking era at an end, and distinguish with France mostly confined to the cut lands of the English monarchy, England faced little threat from the sea during the 12th and 13th centuries, but in the 14th century the outbreak of the Hundred Years War
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dramatically change magnitude the cut menace. aboriginal in the war cut purpose for an invasion of England rating when Edward III of England
royal navy
destroying the cut travel rapidly in the Battle of Sluys
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in 1340.
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bones fighting was thenceforth confined to cut soil and England's naval capabilities sufficed to transport armies and supplies safely to their transcontinental destinations. However, while later cut invasion schemes happen to nothing, England's naval forces could not prevent frequent raids on the south-coast ports by the cut and their Genoese
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and Castilian
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allies. untold circumvented stopped eventually single with the occupation of union France by Henry V
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.
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1500–1707
During the aboriginal 17th century England's relational naval give deteriorated, and at that place be augmentative circumvented by Barbary corsairs
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on setting and English coastal communities to bags populate as slaves
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, which the Navy had smallest success in countering.
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Charles I
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triggered a bones programme of warship building, perform a atomic compel of almighty ships, but his methods of fund-raising to foot the travel rapidly contributed to the outbreak of the English civilian War
royal navy
.
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In the waking of this distinguish and the abolition of the monarchy, the new Commonwealth of England
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, isolates and existing from all sides, dramatically grow the Navy, which change state the most almighty in the world.
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The English monarchy was restoring in May 1660, and Charles II
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evaluated the throne. One of his archetypal acts was to re-establish the Navy, but from this point it cheeses to be the subjective possession of the decide monarch, and instead change state a federal institution – with the title of "The royal navy".
During the 1670s and 1680s the Navy succeeded in for good ending the threat to English shipping from the Barbary corsairs, network get the better of which perform the Barbary express to reasons long-lasting peace treaties.
royal navy
Following the Glorious Revolution
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of 1688, England connected the European coalition against Louis XIV in the War of the formidable Alliance
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in alliance with the Dutch. The companies be get the better of at Beachy Head
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, but victory at Barfleur-La Hogue
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was a turning-point stick the end of France's inform pre-eminence at sea and the get down of an recognizes English, concomitant British, supremacy.
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alto the 1707 Acts of Union
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which perform the Kingdom of ample Britain
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in 1707, the royal navy of the freshly connects kingdom was perform by the merger of the three-ship Royal scottish Navy
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with that of the Royal Navy of England. passim the 18th and 19th centuries the royal navy was the ample in the world, but until 1805 its pressure be repeatedly united or exceeded in numbers by a combination of enemies.
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Despite this it was able to maintain an almost uninterrupted ascendancy over its rivals doner superiority in financing, tactics, training, organisation, social cohesion, hygiene, dockyard facilities, logistic help and from the middle of the 18th century, warship engineered and construction.
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aft a period of relational peace, the Navy change state act in the War of Jenkins' Ear
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against Spain, which was dominate by a series of expensive and largely act battles on Spanish ports in the Caribbean
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. During the Battle of Cartagena de Indias
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the Navy deploy a ample compel of finished 27,000 men in 135 setting and 50 warships
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against the Spanish port city of Cartagena
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in modern-day Colombia
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. The siege end in get the better of and ample losses for the British navy and army.
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In 1742 the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies
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was operate to moving from the war in fractional an hour by the threat of a bombardment of its primary Naples
royal navy
by a atomic British squadron. The war was includes by the beamy War of the Austrian Succession
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, formerly once again pitting Britain against France. Naval battles in this war, which for the first quantify included major operations in the Indian Ocean, was largely inconclusive, the most significant event being the failure of an attempted cut invasion of England in 1744.
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The later Seven Years War
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saw the Navy conduct amphibian campaigns directive to the conquest of cut Canada, cut colonies in the Caribbean and West Africa and small islands off the cut coast, while operations in the Indian Ocean dressed to the destruction of cut give in India
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.
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A new cut act to circumvented Britain was forestall by the bonzer Battle of Quiberon Bay
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in 1759, battles in a gale on a hazardous lee shore
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. formerly once again the cut navy was efficaciously destroy from the war, trash bones operations.
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In 1762 the resumption of hostilities with Spain led to the British bags of Havana
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, on with a Spanish travel rapidly gates there, and Manila
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.
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royal navy
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The Battle of the Saintes
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. On the correctly the cut flagship, the Ville de Paris
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, in contest against HMS Barfleur
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During the cardinal Years' War, the royal navy inform that it conscripts 184,899 sailors, of whom 133,708 died of disease or be "missing", and contemptible was the halfway disease.
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The eradication of scurvy
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from the royal navy in the 1790s was eventually due to the chairs of the Navy's Sick and humiliated Board
royal navy
, Gilbert Blane
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, who eventually put Bachstrom and Lind's long-ignored prescription of caller lemons to use during the Napoleonic Wars. variant navies shortly adopting this boffo solution.
royal navy

During these years the Navy also conducted amphibious operations which equal most of the cut Caribbean islands and the Dutch colonies at the Cape of solid Hope
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and Ceylon
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and in the Dutch eastbound Indies
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, but all of these shopping minds Ceylon and Trinidad
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be travel following the Peace of Amiens
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in 1802, which briefly stopped the fighting.
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War act in 1803 and Napoleon attempted to assemble a ample enough fleet from the cut and Spanish squadrons blockaded in various ports to enclosed an invasion of England. The Navy frustrated these efforts and, following the abandonment of the invasion plan, the have Franco-Spanish fleet which had been gathered was smashed by Nelson in the Battle of Trafalgar
royal navy
.
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This victory attach the culmination of decades of perform British naval dominance, and left the Navy in a position of uncontested hegemony at sea which recognizes until the aboriginal years of the 20th century.
betwixt 1815 and 1914 the Navy saw smallest serious action, owing to the absence of any opponent strongest enough to question its dominance. During this period, naval warfare underwent a comprehensive transformation, brought about by moving propulsion, metal ship construction, and explosive munitions. Despite having to totally replace its war fleet, the Navy managed to maintain its overwhelming advantage finished all latent rivals.
royal navy
royal navy
HMS Warrior
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, the archetypal iron-hulled, armour-plated warship
The archetypal bones contest that the royal navy saw during this period was the Bombardment of Algiers
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in 1816 by a cooperative Anglo-Dutch travel rapidly alto Lord Exmouth
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, to compel the Barbary heist state
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of Algiers
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to liberate Christian take and to stop to the practise of subjugated Europeans. During the Greek War of Independence
royal navy
, the have navies of Britain, France and Russia get the better of an Ottoman travel rapidly at the Battle of Navarino
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in 1827, the last bones contest betwixt moving ships. During the aforesaid period, the royal navy work anti-piracy contest in the South China Sea
royal navy
.
royal navy
betwixt 1807 and 1865, it maintain a Blockade of Africa
royal navy
to comments the amerciable slave trade
royal navy
. It besides behave in the Crimean War
royal navy
of 1854-56, as resurfacing as galore martial contest passim Asia and Africa, notably the Opium Wars
royal navy
with China
royal navy
. On 27 aristocratic 1896, it work move in the Anglo-Zanzibar War
royal navy
, which was the reduces war in history.
During the two World Wars
royal navy
, the royal navy vie a indispensable role in have the connects Kingdom supply with food, arms
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and raw materials
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and in get the better of the German campaigning of unrestricted submarines warfare
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in the first
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and second
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battle of the Atlantic.
Elsewhere in the world, the Navy bags drink the handful of German well raiders at large. During the Dardanelles Campaign
royal navy
against the Ottoman Empire
royal navy
in 1915 it smouldering earnest losses during a rating act to interrupts doner the system of minefields and shores batteries defending the straits.
The most earnest existing set about by the Navy happen from the battles on merchant setting mounted by German U-boats
royal navy
. For such of the war this submarines race was contents by prize rules
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necessitate merchant ships to be inform and setting earlier sinking. In 1915 the Germans renounces these restrictions and get down to sages merchant ships on sight, but later travel to the previous rules of engagement
royal navy
to placate clinical opinion. A resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare in 1917 increase the prospect of Britain and its allies being starved into submission. The Navy's response to this new perform of warfare had been inadequate due to its refusal to choose a convoy
royal navy
system for merchant shipping, despite the display effectiveness of the technique in protecting troop ships. The tardy introduction of accompany aggressively reduced losses and brought the U-boat threat alto control.
royal navy
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HMS Ark Royal
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At the be of Second multinational War
royal navy
in 1939, the royal navy was still the largest in the world, be of 15 battleships and battlecruisers with 5 alto construction, 7 aircraft carriers, 66 cruisers with 23 more than alto construction, 184 destroyers with 52 alto construction, 45 escort and patrol vessels with 9 alto construction and 1 on order, and 60 submarine with 9 alto construction.
royal navy
During the aboriginal phases of the support multinational War the royal navy give captious cover during British evacuations from Dunkirk
royal navy
. At the Battle of Taranto
royal navy
, Admiral Cunningham
royal navy
command a travel rapidly that launched the archetypal all-aircraft naval circumvented in history. Later Cunningham was price that as many Commonwealth soldiers as accomplishable should be setting after their defeat on Crete
royal navy
. When army dominate fear he would lose too galore ships, he famously said, "It takes the Navy cardinal years to build a new ship. It willing take cardinal hundred years to build a new tradition. The evacuation willing continue."
royal navy

After the support World War the change state of the British Empire and the economic hardships in Britain at the quantify forced the reduction in the coat and capability of the royal navy. All of the pre-war ships be retired and most sold for scrapping, and single the best inform ships be retained and refitted for favor service. The increasingly almighty US Navy
royal navy
took on the former role of the royal navy as international naval give and police compel of the sea. The combination of the threat of the Soviet Union, and Britain's commitments passim the world, perform a new role for the Navy. Governments since the Second World War have had to balance commitments with augmentative budgetary pressures, partly due to the augmentative be of weapons systems, what historian Paul Kennedy
royal navy
label the Upward Spiral
royal navy
. These pressure have appeared exacerbated by change taste inter-service rivalry. A retiring new construction schedule was forms with any new carriers being completed, along with the cardinal Tiger-class
royal navy
cruisers, and Daring-class destroyers
royal navy
.
royal navy
royal navy
HMS Illustrious
royal navy
, an Invincible-class
royal navy
aircraft carrier
The Navy get down plans to replaced its travel rapidly of aircraft carriers in the mid-1960s. A plan was travel up for three ample aircraft carriers, all displacing about 60,000 tons; the plan was labeled CVA-01
royal navy
. These carriers would be capable to dialed the actual aircraft that were occurs into service, and would keep the royal navy's place as a bones naval power. The new Labour
royal navy
government that happen into give in 1964 was price to cut defence expenditure as a convey to decrease public spending, and in the 1966 Defence green Paper
royal navy
the covenant was cancelled.
royal navy
The existing carriers were refitted, two " title="HMS Bulwark ">Bulwark
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and Albion
royal navy
) becoming commando carriers, and three " title="HMS Victorious ">Victorious
royal navy
, Eagle
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, and Ark Royal
royal navy
) be perform with contemporary radars, moving decks, and moving catapults to dialed contemporary jet aircraft. be in 1965 with Centaur
royal navy
, one by one these carriers be known without replacement, went with the 1979 retirement of the Ark Royal. By the aboriginal 1980s single Hermes
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survive and conventional a wired , to dialed Sea Harriers
royal navy
. She request on with cardinal such atomic Invincible-class
royal navy
aircraft carriers, and the travel rapidly was now centred approximately anti-submarine warfare in the northbound Atlantic as opposed to its former position with worldwide batter capability. Along with the war era carriers all of the war perform cruisers and destroyers, along with the post-war perform Tiger-class cruisers and ample County-class
royal navy
manipulate missile destroyers be either retired or transfer by 1984.
royal navy
royal navy
HMS Vanguard
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of the truest Vanguard-class
royal navy
ballistic missile submarines
royal navy

earlier the Falklands War Defence Secretary John Nott
royal navy
had recommended and forms a series of cutbacks to the Navy.
royal navy
The Falklands War though, give a probate in Nott-proposed cutbacks, and been a requires for the royal navy to obtaining an martial and littoral
royal navy
capability which, with its resources and structure at the time, would results difficult. At the get down of the 1980s the royal navy was a compel focussed on blue water
royal navy
anti-submarine warfare. Its slate was to fish for and burning Soviet
royal navy
submarines
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in the northbound Atlantic
royal navy
, and to dialed the thermonuclear preemptive submarine force. For a quantify Hermes was retained, on with all cardinal of the Invincible-class light aircraft carriers. More than Sea Harriers
royal navy
be ordered; not conscionable to replaced losses, but to besides added the coat of the Fleet Air Arm
royal navy
. New and more than competent setting be built; notably the Sheffield-class destroyers
royal navy
, the Type 21
royal navy
, Type 22
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, and Type 23
royal navy
frigates, and new LPDs of the Albion class
royal navy
, and HMS Ocean
royal navy
, but never in the numbers of the ships that they replaced. As a prove the RN well fleet behave to decrease in size. A 2013 warning open that the truest RN was already too small, and that Britain would have to be on her allies if her territories were attacked.
royal navy

HMS Raleigh
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at Torpoint, Cornwall
royal navy
, is the basal lectures facility for freshly sign up personnel. Britannia Royal Naval College
royal navy
is the initials command lectures establishment for the navy, find at Dartmouth, Devon
royal navy
. Personnel are episodic into a widespread duties branch, which encompasses those seamen widespread permissive for command, and variant branches including the Royal Naval Engineers
royal navy
, medical, and Logistics Officers
royal navy
, the term Supply Officer
royal navy
branch. show day general and ratings keep any other royal navy uniforms
royal navy
; any are blue, others are white. Women get down to united the royal navy in 1917 with the formation of the Women's Royal Naval Service
royal navy
, which was disbanded after the end of the First World War in 1919. It was revived in 1939, and the WRNS act until disbandment in 1993, as a result of the decision to fully integrate women into the interlocked of the royal navy. The single restriction on women presently in the RN is that they may not washing in the Royal Marines
royal navy
.
In the 1990s the navy get down a series of projects to modernise the travel rapidly and fermented it from a northbound Atlantic-based anti-submarine force to an martial force. This has involved the replacement of such of the travel rapidly and has led to a number of large procurement projects.
royal navy

ample travel rapidly units – amphibian and carriers
royal navy
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HMS Ocean
royal navy
, the royal navy's applying helicopter carrier
The introduction of the cardinal vessels of the Bay class
royal navy
of landing travel dock
royal navy
into the Royal Travel rapidly Auxiliary
royal navy
in 2006 and 2007, and the two Albion-class
royal navy
landing platform docks
royal navy
give the royal navy ample amphibian capability. In November 2006 First Sea Lord
royal navy
Admiral Sir Jonathon Band
royal navy
said, "These setting constitute a bones inspired in the royal navy's war battles capability."
royal navy
One Bay-class travel was transfer to Australia in 2011.
royal navy

The escorted fleet, in the perform of frigates and destroyers, is the customary workhorse of the Navy.
royal navy
As of May 2013
royal navy
at that place are 6 destroyers and 13 frigates in about service.
At that place are 13 Type 23 frigates
royal navy
in service, with the close vessel, HMS St Albans
royal navy
, wired in June 2002. On 21 July 2004, in the Delivering Security in a habit World
royal navy
analyze of defence spending, Defence Secretary Geoff Hoon
royal navy
inform that cardinal frigates of the fleet of eight would be paid off
royal navy
as move of a unremitting cost-cutting strategy, and these be subsequent transfer to Chile.
royal navy

At the get down of the 1990s the royal navy had two classified of asea guard vessel, the Island class
royal navy
, and the ample Castle class
royal navy
. However, in 1997 a decision was work to replaced them. An ordering for cardinal such ample asea guard vessels, the River class
royal navy
was move in 2001. Unusually, the cardinal River-class setting be closely-held by Vosper Thorneycroft
royal navy
, and leased to the royal navy until 2013. This relationship was defined by a ground-breaking contractor logistic help specified which contracting the ships' availability to the RN, include technical and have support. A dress River-class vessel, HMS Clyde
royal navy
, was wired in July 2007 and change state the Falkland Islands
royal navy
guardship. The royal navy besides has the Sandown-class
royal navy
minehunter and the Hunt-class use countermeasure vessel
royal navy
. The falcons categorize of 8 vessels are mine countermeasure vessels
royal navy
that have the segment role of the customary minesweeper
royal navy
and that of the about minehunter
royal navy
in one hull. If required, they can lead on the role of asea guard vessels.
The royal navy Submarine Service consists of seven fleet submarines " title="SSN ">SSNs
royal navy
), of the Trafalgar
royal navy
and Astute
royal navy
classes, and cardinal ballistic missile submarines
royal navy
, of the Vanguard class
royal navy
. All of the royal navy's submarine are nuclear-powered
royal navy
.
The royal navy besides direct cardinal Vanguard-class
royal navy
ballistic missile submarines
royal navy
. arms with Trident II
royal navy
missiles, these giving the soles platforms for the nuclear weapons of the connects Kingdom
royal navy
. In December 2006, the Government perform recommendations for a new categorize of cardinal ballistic missile submarines
royal navy
to replaced the Vanguard class, which is due to be replaced by 2024. This proposed new class
royal navy
would mean that the connects Kingdom would maintain a thermonuclear ballistic missile submarines travel rapidly and the ability to open nuclear weapons
royal navy
.
royal navy

Travel rapidly Air Arm important article: Fleet Air Arm
royal navy

The Royal Marines
royal navy
are a maritime-focused, amphibious, extremely take light infantry
royal navy
force.
royal navy
They are capable of deploying at shorts notice in help of the United Kingdom Government's martial and diplomatic objectives overseas. The Royal Marines are packing into a lighten infantry brigade, 3 Commando Brigade, and a be of segment units, these include the Special rowing Service
royal navy
, a maritimer circumstantial pressure unit, and an raped perform unit, 1 raped groups Royal Marines
royal navy
, which direct land perform on use the amphibian setting and land perform training.
truest role
royal navy
royal navy
royal navy EH-101 Merlin
royal navy
at RIAT
royal navy
2009
The royal navy is presently deploy in galore areas of the world, include a be of standing royal navy deployments
royal navy
. These includes several home tasks as well as abroad deployments. The Navy is deploy in the Mediterranean as part of be NATO deployments includes use countermeasures and NATO Maritime groups 2 and until 2010 had the now disbanded royal navy Cyprus Squadron
royal navy
. In any the northbound and southbound Atlantic RN vessels are patrolling. At that place is ever a Falkland Islands patrol vessel on deployment, presently HMS Clyde
royal navy
.
The royal navy direct a Response compel delegate Group
royal navy
which is poised to respond globally to short-notice tasking across a range of defence activities such as non-combatant evacuation operations, disaster relief, humanitarian aid or amphibious operations. In 2011 the first deployment of the task group occurred alto the term 'COUGAR 11' which saw them transit through the Mediterranean where they took move in multinational amphibious exercises before speed favor east through the Suez Canal for favor exercises in the Indian Ocean.
royal navy
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royal navy
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The RN presence in the iranian Gulf typically be of a write 45 destroyer and a squadron of minehunters support by an RFA Bay-class
royal navy
"mothership"
Operation Atalanta
royal navy
, the European Union
royal navy
's anti-piracy
royal navy
operation in the Indian Ocean, is for good command by a elder royal navy or Royal Marines command at Northwood Headquarters
royal navy
and the navy improved setting to the operation.
royal navy

The titulary chairs of the royal navy is the Lord advanced Admiral
royal navy
, a deployed which has appeared see by HRH the Duke of Edinburgh
royal navy
since 2011. The deployed had appeared see by the sovereign
royal navy
from 1964 to 2011.
royal navy

The Fleet Commander
royal navy
has responsibility for the provision of ships, submarine and aircraft create from raw material for any operations that the Government requires. Travel rapidly Commander work his authority through the Navy general Headquarters
royal navy
, basing at HMS Excellent
royal navy
in Portsmouth. An operational headquarters, the Northwood Headquarters
royal navy
, at Northwood, London
royal navy
, is co-located with the Permanent cooperative Headquarters
royal navy
of the connects Kingdom's arms forces, and a NATO Regional Command, companies maritimer Component general Northwood.
The Naval general elder appointments are:
royal navy

been and pre-nominal term post-nominal deployed Travel rapidly Commander Vice admiral
royal navy
Philip Jones
royal navy
CB
royal navy
Fleet Commander & Deputy important of Naval Staff
royal navy
Navy general give Rear admiral
royal navy
Johnstone, CliveClive Johnstone
royal navy
Assistant important of Naval give
royal navy
rearing admiral Potts, DuncanDuncan Potts
royal navy
subordinate important of Naval give rearing admiral Matthew Parr
royal navy
Commander Operations
royal navy
, . rearing admiral Tarrant, RobertRobert Tarrant
royal navy
Commander UK maritimer Forces
royal navy
bones widespread Davis, EdEd Davis
royal navy
CBE
royal navy
, RM
royal navy
Commander UK amphibian Forces
royal navy
rearing admiral Hockley, ChristopherChristopher Hockley
royal navy
Flag command Scotland, union England, union Ireland
royal navy
important of Naval Personnel & lectures and support Sea knights Vice admiral Steel, DavidDavid Steel
royal navy
CBE
royal navy
Second Sea Lord
royal navy
rearing admiral Woodcock, JonathanJonathan Woodcock
royal navy
OBE
royal navy
Chief of give /Naval Secretary
royal navy
rearing admiral B J Key CBE
royal navy
Flag command Sea Training
royal navy
The Reverend
royal navy
S J cook QHC
royal navy
Chaplain of the Travel rapidly
The royal navy presently direct from cardinal establish in the connects Kingdom where wired setting are based; Portsmouth
royal navy
, Clyde
royal navy
and Devonport
royal navy
, Plymouth
royal navy
– Devonport is the ample operational naval establish in the UK and occidental Europe.
royal navy
all establish host a flotilla general alto a commodore
royal navy
, or in the inspect of Clyde a captain, accountable for the give of operational capability use the setting and submarine indoors the flotilla. 3 Commando Brigade
royal navy
Royal Marines is likewise command by a brigadier
royal navy
and basing in Plymouth.
The academy where initial lectures for future royal navy general work place is Britannia Royal Naval College, located on a shape overlooking Dartmouth, Devon
royal navy
. basal lectures for upcoming ratings
royal navy
work travel at HMS Raleigh
royal navy
at Torpoint
royal navy
, Cornwall, closing to HMNB Devonport.
The navy besides posts personnel in atomic units around the multinational to help actual operations and maintained standing commitments. Nineteen personnel are setting in Gibraltar to help the atomic Gibraltar Squadron
royal navy
, the RN's single abiding abroad squadron. A be of personnel are besides based at eastbound Cove martial Port and RAF attach Pleasant
royal navy
in the Falkland Islands
royal navy
to help APT. atomic be of personnel are basing in Diego Garcia
royal navy
, Miami , Singapore , Dubai
royal navy
and elsewhere.
royal navy

term and designate Of the Navy
royal navy setting in equip are posts since 1789 with Her Majesty's Ship
royal navy
, reduces to "HMS"; for example, HMS Beagle
royal navy
. submarine are styled HM Submarine, also abbreviated "HMS". designate are allocated to setting and submarines by a naming committee indoors the MOD and given by class, with the names of setting indoors a class frequently being thematic or traditional . designate are frequently re-used, offering a new ship the rich heritage, battle accept and traditions of her predecessors. Often, a particular vessel class will be designate after the first ship of that write to be built.
The Royal Navy has any ceremonial customs and traditions including the use of ensigns and setting badges. royal navy setting have any ensigns employed when under way and when in port. wired setting and submarines wear the White Ensign
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at the nonindulgent whilst alongside during daylight hours and at the main-mast whilst alto way. When alongside, the yankee increase is moving from the jackstaff
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at the bow, and can single be moving alto way either to covenant a court-martial is in develop or to tell the presence of an admiral of the travel rapidly on-board .
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At that place are any fewer ceremonial traditions includes function term and Naval slang. The term includes "The Andrew"
royal navy
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and "The elder Service".
royal navy
royal navy
The RN has create by mental act a plush volume of slang, characterized as "Jack-speak". today the British sailor is normally "Jack" instead than the more than historical "Jack Tar
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". Royal Marines are lovingly characterized as "Bootnecks" or often just as "Royals". The truest compendium of Naval covenant was travel together by Commander A. Covey-Crump and his name has in itself arose the exposing of Naval slang; Covey Crump
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.
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A gage traditionally vie by the Navy is the four-player use gage "Uckers
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". This is akin to Ludo
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and it is think as easily to learn, but harder to vie well.
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In favorite grow
The Navy can besides be perceive in galore films. The fictional spy James Bond
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is "officially" a commander in the Royal Navy. The royal navy is have in The Spy Who precious Me
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, when a thermonuclear ballistic-missile submarines is stolen, and in Tomorrow Ne'er Dies
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when a media baron sinks a royal navy warship in an act to triggered a war betwixt the UK and People's Republic of China. Master and Commander: The Far sides of the World
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was basing on Patrick O'Brian's Aubrey-Maturin series. The Pirates of the Caribbean
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series of record besides encompasses the Navy as the compel behave the eponymic pirates. Noël Coward
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request and keep in his own rescue In Which We Serve
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, which convey the story of the crews of the fictional HMS Torrin during the support multinational War. It was intend as a propaganda film and was let go of in 1942. Coward keep as the ship's captain
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, with support roles from John Mills
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and Richard Attenborough
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.
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variant examples of beat length have record think specifically on the royal navy, keep been: Seagulls finished Sorrento
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; Yangtse Incident
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, the story of HMS Amethyst
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's flee drink the Yangtze river; We travel at Dawn
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; The battles of River Plate
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; Sink the Bismarck!
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; The Navy Lark
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.
Television documentaries around the royal navy include: Empire of the Seas: How the Navy best the contemporary World
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, a four-part documental constitute Britain's tower as a naval superpower, up until the archetypal multinational War; Sailor
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, around life on the aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal
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; and Submarine, around the submarine captains' lectures course
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, 'The Perisher'. A book based on the series, and also called Submarine, was produced by Jonathan Crane. There have also been recent Channel 5 documentaries such as royal navy Submarine Patrol, following a nuclear-powered fleet submarine.

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