Spanish , also called Castilian
spanish language
, is a Romance language
spanish language
that arose in Castile
spanish language
, a region of Spain
spanish language
. around 406 cardinal populate covenant Spanish as a native language
spanish language
, building it support single to Mandarin
spanish language
in label of its number of autochthonal speakers
spanish language
worldwide.
spanish language
spanish language
It besides has 60 cardinal speakers as a support language,
spanish language
and 20 cardinal students as a afield language.
spanish language
Spanish is one of the six authoritative languages
spanish language
of the United Nations
spanish language
, and is employed as an official language
spanish language
by the European Union
spanish language
and Mercosur
spanish language
.
Spanish is the most favorite support language larn by autochthonal speakers of American English
spanish language
.
spanish language
From the decide decades of the 20th century, the study of Spanish as a afield language has grown significantly, in move because of the discipline populations and economies of many Spanish-speaking countries, and the discipline international tourism in these countries.
restrict 1 designate of the language
spanish language
2 History
spanish language
3 Grammar
spanish language
4 Phonology
spanish language
4.1 Divided phonology
spanish language
4.2 Prosody
spanish language
5 geographic distribution
spanish language
5.1 Europe
spanish language
5.2 The Americas
spanish language
5.2.1 Latin America
spanish language
5.2.2 connects States
spanish language
5.3 Africa
spanish language
5.4 Asia-Pacific
spanish language
5.5 Spanish speakers by country
spanish language
6 Dialectal variation
spanish language
6.1 Phonology
spanish language
6.2 Grammar
spanish language
6.2.1 Voseo
spanish language
6.2.2 Ustedes
spanish language
6.2.3 Usted
spanish language
6.2.4 Third-person except pronouns
spanish language
6.3 Vocabulary
spanish language
7 Relation to variant languages
spanish language
7.1 Vocabulary comparison
spanish language
7.2 Judaeo-Spanish
spanish language
8 Create verbally system
spanish language
9 Organizations
spanish language
9.1 Royal Spanish Academy
spanish language
9.2 Association of spanish language Academies
spanish language
9.3 Instituto Cervantes
spanish language
9.4 authoritative use by world organizations
spanish language
10 See also
spanish language
11 References
spanish language
12 Bibliography
spanish language
13 favor reading
spanish language
14 outermost links
spanish language

In Spain and in any variant move of the Spanish-speaking world, Spanish is label castellano
spanish language
as resurfacing as español
spanish language
, that is, the language of the region of Castile
spanish language
, stratified it with variant languages oral in Spain
spanish language
untold as Galician
spanish language
, Basque
spanish language
, and Catalan
spanish language
. The Spanish Constitution of 1978
spanish language
use the titled castellano to be the official language
spanish language
of the entire Spanish State, in distinguish to las demás lenguas españolas . oblige III read as follows:
Castilian is the authoritative spanish language
spanish language
of the State. The be of the spanish languages shall besides be authoritative in their idiosyncratic liberate Communities...
The Diccionario panhispánico de dudas express that, although the Spanish Royal Academy prefers to use the term español in its publications when think of to the spanish language, any terms, español and castellano, are think as synonymous and equally valid.
spanish language

The spanish language create by mental act from Vulgar Latin
spanish language
, which was travel to the Iberian Peninsula
spanish language
by the Romans
spanish language
during the Second carthaginian War
spanish language
, get down in 210 BC. Previously, any pre-Roman languages —unrelated to Latin, and any of them misrelated even to Indo-European—were oral in the Iberian Peninsula. These languages include Basque
spanish language
, Iberian
spanish language
, and Celtiberian
spanish language
. investigates of these languages, particularly Basque, can be open in the Spanish vocabulary today, principally in travel names.
topical sociolects
spanish language
of neanderthal Latin create by mental act into Spanish in the northbound of Iberia, in an area be by Álava
spanish language
, Cantabria
spanish language
, Burgos
spanish language
, Soria
spanish language
and La Rioja
spanish language
. The dialect was concomitant travel to the city of Toledo
spanish language
, where the graphic modular of Spanish was archetypal developed, in the 13th century.
spanish language
In this creative stage, Spanish create a strongly differs other from its closing cousin, Leonese
spanish language
, and, match to any authors, was distinguished by a heavier Basque influence . This diagnostic dialect increasingly distributed southbound with the advance of the Reconquista
spanish language
, and so garner a ample lexical manipulate from the Arabic
spanish language
of Al-Andalus
spanish language
, such of it indirectly, doner the act Mozarabic dialects
spanish language
.
spanish language
The graphic modular for this new language get down to be create in the cities of Toledo
spanish language
, in the 13th to 16th centuries, and Madrid
spanish language
, from the 1570s.
spanish language

Spanish is attach by the palatalization
spanish language
of the Latin multiply consonants nn and ll .
Peculiar to Spanish was the mutation of Latin initials f- into h- whenever it was followed by a vowel that did not diphthongize. The h-, still preserved in spelling, is now silent in most varieties of the language, although in any Andalusian and Caribbean dialects it is still remove in any words. This is the reason why there are modern spelling variants Fernando and Hernando , ferrero and herrero , fierro and hierro , and fondo and hondo ; hacer is the branch word of satisfacer , and hecho is the branch word of satisfecho .
any consonant clusters
spanish language
of Latin besides perform characteristically other ensue in these languages, as show in the examples in the following table:
Latin Spanish Ladino Aragonese Asturian Galician Portuguese Catalan Occitan French Italian Romanian English clāvem llave clave clau llave chave chave/clave clau clau clé chiave cheie 'key' flamma llama flama flama llama chama chama/flama flama flama flamme fiamma flamă 'flame' plēnum lleno pleno plen llenu cheo cheio/pleno ple plen plein pieno plin 'plenty,full' octō ocho ocho güeito ocho/oito oito oito vuit/huit uèch/uòch/uèit huit otto opt 'eight' multum mucho muy muncho muy muito mui munchu mui moito moi muito mui  molt molt  moult  molto mult 'much, very, a lot of'
spanish language
spanish language
Antonio de Nebrija
spanish language
write of the Gramática, the first Grammar
spanish language
of contemporary European languages.
spanish language
spanish language
Miguel de Cervantes
spanish language
write of Don Quixote
spanish language
, considered the archetypal contemporary European novel.
spanish language

The Gramática de la lengua castellana
spanish language
, graphic in Salamanca
spanish language
in 1492 by Elio Antonio de Nebrija
spanish language
, was the archetypal grammar graphic for a contemporary European language.
spanish language
match to a favorite anecdote, when Nebrija show it to Queen Isabella I
spanish language
, she network him what was the use of untold a work, and he state that language is the equip of empire.
spanish language
In his introduction to the grammar, go out aristocratic 18, 1492, Nebrija create verbally that "... language was ever the companies of empire."
spanish language

In the fourth century, Spanish was announcing to Equatorial Guinea
spanish language
and the Western Sahara
spanish language
, and to areas of the connects express that had not appeared move of the Spanish Empire, untold as Spanish Harlem
spanish language
in New York City
spanish language
. For instance on gotten express and variant outermost affect upon Spanish, see Influences on the spanish language
spanish language
.
Grammar important article: Spanish grammar
spanish language

Its declare organize is by and large subject–verb–object
spanish language
, although variations are common. It is a "pro-drop
spanish language
", or "null-subject
spanish language
" language—that is, it allows the deletion of exposing pronouns when they are pragmatically
spanish language
unnecessary. Spanish is set forth as a "verb-framed
spanish language
" language, convey that the direction of motion is meant in the verb while the mode of locomotion is meant adverbially .
The Spanish phonemic
spanish language
indexed be of cardinal vowel phonemes and 17 to 19 congruent phonemes . The important allophonic
spanish language
variation among vowels is the reduction of the advanced vowels /i/ and /u/ to glides— and respectively—when join and adjacent to another vowel. any elaborate of the mid vowels /e/ and /o/, determined lexically, alternate with the diphthongs and severally when stressed, in a affect that is better set forth as morphophonemic
spanish language
instead than phonological, as it is not foreseeable from phonology alone.
In the following shelves of consonant phonemes, /θ/ and /ʎ/ are marked with an mark to indicate that they are preserved single in any dialects. In most dialects they keep appeared merged, respectively, with /s/ and /ʝ/, in the mergers called, respectively, seseo
spanish language
and yeísmo
spanish language
. The phoneme /ʃ/ is in parentheses to tell that it been single in loanwords
spanish language
. all of the word obstruent phonemes /b/, /d/, /ʝ/, and /ɡ/ been to the right of a happen of disclose phonemes, to indicate that, while the disclose phonemes maintained a phonemic distinguish between plosive and fricative, the word ones secondary allophonically
spanish language
betwixt plosive and soft pronunciations.
shelves of congruent phonemes of Spanish
spanish language
 Labial
spanish language
   Dental
spanish language
   Alveolar
spanish language
   Palatal
spanish language
   Velar
spanish language
  Nasal
spanish language
m n ɲ Plosive
spanish language
p b t  d k  ɡ  Fricative
spanish language
f θ* s  ʝ  x  Affricate
spanish language
tʃ  Trill
spanish language
r Tap
spanish language
ɾ Lateral
spanish language
l ʎ* V and B
Historically, the /v/ pronunciation was uncommon, but considered debugging resurfacing into the fourth century.
Prosody
Spanish intonation
spanish language
dress importantly according to dialect, but by and large conformed to a model of moving disclose for indicative suggested and wh-questions , and travel disclose for yes/no questions
spanish language
.
spanish language
spanish language
At that place are no syntactic markers to distinguish betwixt question and statements, and hence the recognition of indicative or interrogative be exclusively on intonation.
In addition to the galore exceptions to these tendencies, at that place are galore minimal pairs
spanish language
which distinguish exclusively on underlines untold as sábana and sabana , as resurfacing as límite , limite he/she limits') and limité , or besides líquido , liquido and liquidó .
Spanish is the primary language of 20 countries worldwide. It is estimated that the have total be of Spanish speakers is between 470 and 500 million, building it the second most widely spoken language in label of autochthonal speakers.
spanish language
spanish language

In Europe
spanish language
, Spanish is an authoritative language of Spain, the country aft which it is designate and from which it originated. It is widely oral in Gibraltar
spanish language
, although English is the authoritative language.
spanish language
It is besides ordinarily oral in Andorra
spanish language
, although Catalan
spanish language
is the authoritative language.
spanish language

Most Spanish speakers are in Latin America
spanish language
; of all countries with a majority of Spanish speakers, single Spain
spanish language
and Equatorial Guinea
spanish language
are outdoors the Americas
spanish language
. Mexico
spanish language
has the most autochthonal speakers of any country. Nationally, Spanish is the authoritative language—either de facto
spanish language
or de jure
spanish language
—of Argentina
spanish language
, Bolivia
spanish language
, Chile
spanish language
, Colombia
spanish language
, Costa Rica
spanish language
, Cuba
spanish language
, Dominican Republic
spanish language
, Ecuador
spanish language
, El Salvador
spanish language
, Guatemala
spanish language
, Honduras
spanish language
, Mexico
spanish language
, Nicaragua
spanish language
, Panama
spanish language
, Paraguay
spanish language
, Peru
spanish language
,Uruguay
spanish language
, and Venezuela
spanish language
.
spanish language
Spanish is besides the de facto and authoritative language in Puerto Rico
spanish language
.
spanish language

Due to their proximity to Spanish-speaking countries, Trinidad and Tobago
spanish language
and Brazil
spanish language
have use spanish language teaching into their education systems. The Trinidad government open the Spanish as a archetypal Foreign Language founded in gimp 2005.
spanish language
In 2005, the National Congress of Brazil
spanish language
accept a bill, types into law by the President
spanish language
, building spanish language inform compulsory in any in the public eye and clannish auxiliary educate in Brazil.
spanish language
In galore hint towns and villages , a mixed language
spanish language
characterized as Portuñol
spanish language
is spoken.
spanish language

connects express important article: spanish language in the connects States
spanish language
spanish language
spanish language
Spanish oral in the connects States. dark dress of northern tell advanced percentages of Spanish speakers.
Spanish is by far the most widely inform support language in the country, and with over 50 million average speakers, the connects States is now the support ample Spanish-speaking country in the world aft Mexico.
spanish language
While English is the de facto official language of the country, Spanish is often employed in public servicing and detects at the federal and note levels. Spanish is also employed in administration in the note of New Mexico
spanish language
.
spanish language
The language besides has a strongest manipulate in bones metropolitan areas untold as those of Los Angeles
spanish language
, Miami
spanish language
, San Antonio
spanish language
, New York
spanish language
, San Francisco
spanish language
, Dallas
spanish language
, and Phoenix
spanish language
; as resurfacing as more than recently, Chicago
spanish language
, Las Vegas
spanish language
, Boston
spanish language
, Houston
spanish language
, and Baltimore-Washington, D.C.
spanish language
due to 20th and 21st century immigration.
Africa
In Western Sahara
spanish language
, a former Spanish colony, an chartless be of Sahrawis are capable to misunderstood and types in Spanish. Sahrawi iron Service
spanish language
, the authoritative news function of the Sahrawi Arab antiauthoritarian Republic
spanish language
of occidental Sahara, has appeared approachable in Spanish since 2001,
spanish language
and RASD TV, the authoritative television transport of the Sahrawi Arab antiauthoritarian Republic, has a website approachable in Spanish.
spanish language
The Sahara world rescue Festival
spanish language
, Western Sahara's only rescue festival, is largely roll up by Spanish donors and Spanish record are popular. While there is a Spanish literature community among the Sahrawi people, the Cervantes Institute
spanish language
has have help and Spanish-language education to Sahrawis in occidental Sahara and the Sahrawi refugee camps
spanish language
in Algeria.
spanish language
spanish language
A groups of Sahrawi poets characterized as Generación de la Amistad saharaui perform Sahrawi literature in Spanish.
spanish language

Spanish was an authoritative language of the Philippines
spanish language
from the get down of Spanish overrides in 1565 to a constitutional improved in 1973. During Spanish colonization
spanish language
, it was the language of government, trade and education, and spoken as a first language by Spaniards and educated Filipinos. In the mid-nineteenth century, the colonial government set up a liberate public education system with Spanish as the moderate of instruction. This increased use of Spanish passim the islands led to the formation of a class of Spanish-speaking intellectuals called the Ilustrados
spanish language
. However, Spanish was ne'er oral by the majority of the population.
spanish language

Spanish was work from authoritative status in 1973 alto the administration of Ferdinand Marcos
spanish language
, but obtaining its status as an authoritative language two months concomitant alto Presidential enacted No. 155, go out 15 gimp 1973.
spanish language
It remained an authoritative language until 1987, with the ratification of the show constitution, in which it was re-designated as a willful and electoral subsidiary language.
spanish language
In 2010, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
spanish language
help the reintroduction of Spanish-language inform in the Philippine education system. But by 2012, the number of auxiliary schools at which the language was either a mandatory exposing or an elective had arose dead limited.
spanish language
Today, despite government promotions of Spanish, fewer than 0.5% of the population warning be capable to covenant the language proficiently.
spanish language
Aside from modular Spanish, a Spanish-based creole language—Chavacano
spanish language
—developed in the confederate Philippines. The be of Chavacano-speakers was reason at 1.2 cardinal in 1996.
spanish language
Speakers of the Zamboangueño variety of Chavacano be been around 360,000 in the 2000 census.
spanish language
The topical languages of the Philippines
spanish language
besides underpinning such Spanish influence, with galore express be derives from Mexican Spanish
spanish language
, owes to the tamper of the islands by Spain doner Mexico City
spanish language
until 1821, and sometime heterosexual from Madrid until 1898.
spanish language

The following shelves show the be of Spanish speakers in any 79 countries.
Country Population
spanish language
Spanish as a autochthonal language speakers
spanish language
spanish language
spanish language
spanish language
spanish language
autochthonal speakers or dead solid speakers as a support language
spanish language
average be of Spanish speakers
spanish language
spanish language
spanish language
 Mexico
spanish language
118,395,054
spanish language
109,752,215
spanish language
116,619,128
spanish language
 United States
spanish language
316,005,000
spanish language
38,325,155
spanish language
spanish language
82% of the latino population
spanish language
spanish language
+ 2.8 mill. non latino population
spanish language
52,000,000
spanish language
spanish language
spanish language
)
spanish language
spanish language
spanish language
spanish language
spanish language
spanish language
 Colombia
spanish language
47,377,000
spanish language
46,868,624
spanish language
46,997,984
spanish language
 Spain
spanish language
47,059,533
spanish language
38,588,817
spanish language
46,494,819
spanish language
 Argentina
spanish language
41,660,417
spanish language
spanish language
39,500,000
spanish language
41,410,454
spanish language
 Venezuela
spanish language
30,405,000
spanish language
spanish language
29,306,756
spanish language
30,040,140
spanish language
 Peru
spanish language
30,475,144
spanish language
25,629,596
spanish language
spanish language
26,391,475
spanish language
 Chile
spanish language
17,556,815
spanish language
17,275,215
spanish language
17,433,917
spanish language
 Ecuador
spanish language
15,580,000
spanish language
13,200,000
spanish language
15,499,800
spanish language
 Guatemala
spanish language
15,438,384
spanish language
9,263,030
spanish language
13,338,764
spanish language
 Brazil
spanish language
201,032,714
spanish language
460,018
spanish language
460,018
spanish language
12,460,018
spanish language
spanish language
spanish language
 Cuba
spanish language
11,266,000
spanish language
11,266,000
spanish language
11,198,404
spanish language
 Dominican Republic
spanish language
10,404,000
spanish language
9,300,000
spanish language
10,362,384
spanish language
 Bolivia
spanish language
10,426,154
spanish language
6,047,169
spanish language
9,164,589
spanish language
 Honduras
spanish language
8,215,313
spanish language
8,007,563
spanish language
8,133,160
spanish language
 France
spanish language
65,635,000
spanish language
477,564
spanish language
of 47,756,439
spanish language
) 1,910,258
spanish language
of 47,756,439
spanish language
) 6,685,901
spanish language
of 47,756,439
spanish language
)  El Salvador
spanish language
6,183,002
spanish language
6,168,902
spanish language
6,164,453
spanish language
 Nicaragua
spanish language
6,042,000
spanish language
5,551,876
spanish language
5,860,740
spanish language
 Italy
spanish language
59,685,227
spanish language
1,037,248
spanish language
of 51,862,391
spanish language
) 5,704,863
spanish language
of 51,862,391
spanish language
)  Paraguay
spanish language
6,802,000
spanish language
3,877,140
spanish language
4,727,390
spanish language
 Costa Rica
spanish language
4,667,096
spanish language
4,581,678
spanish language
4,629,759
spanish language
 Puerto Rico
spanish language
3,667,084
spanish language
3,487,397
spanish language
3,623,079
spanish language
 Panama
spanish language
3,864,000
spanish language
3,362,957
spanish language
3,597,384
spanish language
 Morocco
spanish language
31,759,997
spanish language
6,586
spanish language
6,586 3,415,000
spanish language
spanish language
spanish language
 United Kingdom
spanish language
63,181,775
spanish language
518,480
spanish language
of 51,848,010
spanish language
) 3,110,880
spanish language
of 51,848,010
spanish language
)  Uruguay
spanish language
3,286,314
spanish language
3,136,114
spanish language
3,250,165
spanish language
 Philippines
spanish language
97,866,000
spanish language
3,325
spanish language
438,882
spanish language
3,016,773
spanish language
spanish language
spanish language
spanish language
spanish language
spanish language
spanish language
 Germany
spanish language
80,327,900
spanish language
644,091
spanish language
of 64,409,146
spanish language
) 2,576,366
spanish language
of 64,409,146
spanish language
)  Equatorial Guinea
spanish language
1,622,000
spanish language
1,683
spanish language
918,000
spanish language
spanish language
spanish language
 Canada
spanish language
34,605,346
spanish language
439,000
spanish language
909,000
spanish language
spanish language
1,001,853
spanish language
 Romania
spanish language
21,355,849
spanish language
182,467
spanish language
of 18,246,731
spanish language
) 912,337
spanish language
of 18,246,731
spanish language
)  Portugal
spanish language
10,636,888
spanish language
323,237
spanish language
of 8,080,915
spanish language
) 808,091
spanish language
of 8,080,915
spanish language
)  Netherlands
spanish language
16,665,900
spanish language
133,719
spanish language
of 13,371,980
spanish language
) 668,599
spanish language
of 13,371,980
spanish language
)  Sweden
spanish language
9,555,893
spanish language
77,912
spanish language
of 7,791,240
spanish language
) 77,912 467,474
spanish language
of 7,791,240
spanish language
)  Australia
spanish language
21,507,717
spanish language
111,400
spanish language
111,400 447,175
spanish language
 Belgium
spanish language
10,918,405
spanish language
89,395
spanish language
of 8,939,546
spanish language
) 446,977
spanish language
of 8,939,546
spanish language
)  Poland
spanish language
38,092,000 324,137
spanish language
of 32,413,735
spanish language
) 324,137  Austria
spanish language
8,205,533 70,098
spanish language
of 7,009,827
spanish language
) 280,393
spanish language
of 7,009,827
spanish language
)  Ivory Coast
spanish language
20,179,602 235,806
spanish language
 Algeria
spanish language
33,769,669 223,422
spanish language
 Belize
spanish language
333,200
spanish language
173,597
spanish language
173,597
spanish language
195,597
spanish language
spanish language
 Denmark
spanish language
5,484,723 45,613
spanish language
of 4,561,264
spanish language
) 182,450
spanish language
of 4,561,264
spanish language
)  Israel
spanish language
7,112,359 130,000
spanish language
175,231
spanish language
 Japan
spanish language
127,288,419 167,514
spanish language
 Ireland
spanish language
4,581,269
spanish language
35,220
spanish language
of 3,522,000
spanish language
) 140,880
spanish language
of 3,522,000
spanish language
)   Switzerland
spanish language
7,581,520 86,000
spanish language
spanish language
111,000
spanish language
111,000
spanish language
 Finland
spanish language
5,244,749 133,200
spanish language
of 4,440,004
spanish language
)  Bulgaria
spanish language
7,262,675 130,750
spanish language
of 6,537,510
spanish language
) 130,750
spanish language
of 6,537,510
spanish language
)  Netherlands Antilles
spanish language
223,652 10,699
spanish language
10,699
spanish language
125,534
spanish language
 Senegal
spanish language
12,853,259 101,455
spanish language
 Czech Republic
spanish language
10,513,209
spanish language
90,124
spanish language
of 9,012,443
spanish language
)  Hungary
spanish language
9,957,731
spanish language
83,206
spanish language
of 8,320,614
spanish language
)  Aruba
spanish language
101,484
spanish language
6,800
spanish language
6,800
spanish language
75,402
spanish language
 Trinidad and Tobago
spanish language
1,317,714
spanish language
4,100
spanish language
4,100
spanish language
65,886
spanish language
spanish language
 Cameroon
spanish language
21,599,100
spanish language
63,560
spanish language
 Andorra
spanish language
84,484 33,305
spanish language
33,305
spanish language
54,909
spanish language
 Slovenia
spanish language
35,194
spanish language
of 1,759,701
spanish language
) 52,791
spanish language
of 1,759,701
spanish language
)  Slovakia
spanish language
5,455,407 1%
spanish language
of 4,549,955
spanish language
 Norway
spanish language
4,644,457 12,573
spanish language
36,250
spanish language
 China
spanish language
1,339,724,852
spanish language
30,000
spanish language
 Gibraltar
spanish language
29,441
spanish language
22,758
spanish language
)  Lithuania
spanish language
2,972,949
spanish language
1%
spanish language
of 2,829,740
spanish language
 Luxembourg
spanish language
524,853 1%
spanish language
of 47,756,439
spanish language
2%
spanish language
of 404,907
spanish language
6%
spanish language
of 404,907
spanish language
 Russia
spanish language
143,400,000
spanish language
3,320
spanish language
3,320
spanish language
23,320
spanish language
 Western Sahara
spanish language
513,000
spanish language
n.a.
spanish language
22,000
spanish language
 New Zealand
spanish language
21,645
spanish language
21,645 47,322
spanish language
 Guam
spanish language
19,092
spanish language
spanish language
US recent Islands
spanish language
16,788
spanish language
16,788
spanish language
16,788
spanish language
 Latvia
spanish language
2,209,000
spanish language
1%
spanish language
of 1,447,866
spanish language
 Turkey
spanish language
73,722,988
spanish language
1,134
spanish language
1,134
spanish language
13,480
spanish language
spanish language
 Cyprus
spanish language
2%
spanish language
of 660,400
spanish language
 India
spanish language
1,210,193,422
spanish language
9,750
spanish language
 Estonia
spanish language
1%
spanish language
of 945,733
spanish language
 Jamaica
spanish language
2,711,476
spanish language
8,000
spanish language
8,000
spanish language
8,000
spanish language
 Namibia
spanish language
3,870
spanish language
 Egypt
spanish language
3,500
spanish language
 Malta
spanish language
1%
spanish language
of 335,476
spanish language
 European Union
spanish language
460,624,488
spanish language
2,397,000
spanish language
average 7,103,788,000
spanish language
435,814,651
spanish language
spanish language
475,385,209
spanish language
525,705,371
spanish language
spanish language
spanish language
Dialectal variation
spanish language
spanish language
A multinational map behave to distinguish the important dialects of Spanish. important article: Spanish dialects and varieties
spanish language

The variety with the most speakers is Mexican Spanish
spanish language
. It is oral by more than than eight percent of the world's Spanish speakers . One of its important have is the reduction
spanish language
or loss of unstressed vowels
spanish language
, principally when they are in motion with the peering /s/.
spanish language
spanish language

cardinal of the important phonologic divisions are basing severally on the phoneme /θ/ , the phoneme /ʎ/ ,
spanish language
and the "debuccalization
spanish language
" of syllable-final /s/. The phoneme /θ/ —a voiceless dental fricative
spanish language
as in English thing—is maintain in union and principal Spain, but is compound with the sibilant
spanish language
/s/ in confederate Spain, the golden Islands, and all of Latin-American Spanish.
spanish language

The main grammatic variations betwixt dialects of Spanish refer differs uses of pronouns: particularly those of the support person
spanish language
and, to a lesser extent, the object pronouns
spanish language
of the ordinal person
spanish language
.
Voseo important article: Voseo
spanish language
spanish language
This separate necessitate cumulative citations for verification
spanish language
. pleased encouraging improve this article
spanish language
by adding citations to certain sources
spanish language
. Unsourced mercenary may be dispute and removed.
spanish language
spanish language
An examination of the dominance and underlines of the voseo dialect in Latin America. Data perform as instance by the Association of spanish language Academies
spanish language
. The dark the area, the beardown its dominance.
In voseo, vos is the subject
spanish language
perform and the perform for the except of a preposition
spanish language
, while the operating and mediate object
spanish language
forms, and the possessives
spanish language
, are the aforesaid as those think with tú: Vos sabés que tus amigos te respetan . cumulative examples: "Vos te acostaste con el tuerto" ; "Lugar que odio como te odio a vos" ; "No cerrés tus ojos" .
In Chilean voseo on the variant hand, active all verb manufactured are antithetic from their modular tú-forms.
Chilean voseo Indicative Subjunctive urgent show then qualified show then pensái pensabai pensaríai pensís pensarai piensa volvís volvíai volveríai volvái volvierai vuelve dormís dormíai dormiríai durmái durmierai duerme The forms in audacious coincide with standard tú-conjugation.
Although vos is not used in Spain, it occurring in many Spanish-speaking regions of the Americas as the primary spoken form of the second-person singular familiar pronoun, although with widest differences in societal consideration. Generally, it can be express that at that place are zoned of exclusive use of tuteo in the following areas: active all of Mexico
spanish language
, the westbound Indies, Panama
spanish language
, most of Peru
spanish language
and Venezuela
spanish language
, coastal Ecuador
spanish language
and the Caribbean glide of Colombia
spanish language
.
Tuteo exists as the second-person usage with an bargain degree of formality aboard the more than acquainted voseo in Chile
spanish language
, in the Venezuelan note of Zulia
spanish language
, on the Caribbean glide of Colombia
spanish language
, in the Azuero Peninsula
spanish language
in Panama, in the Mexican note of Chiapas
spanish language
, and in move of Guatemala.
Ustedes work as ceremonial and casual support person plural in finished 90% of the Spanish-speaking world, include all of Latin America, the Canary Islands
spanish language
, and any regions of Andalusia
spanish language
. In Seville
spanish language
, Cadiz
spanish language
, and variant move of occidental Andalusia
spanish language
, the acquainted perform is forms as ustedes vais, use the customary second-person plural perform of the verb. Most of Spain maintain the formal/familiar distinction
spanish language
with ustedes and vosotros respectively.
Usted
In principal America, especially in Honduras, usted is frequently employed as a formal pronoun to meant see betwixt the members of a romanticist couple. Usted is also employed in this way, as well as betwixt parents and children, in the Andean regions of Ecuador, Colombia and Venezuela.
Third-person except pronouns
Deviations from this norm are label "leísmo
spanish language
", "loísmo
spanish language
", or "laísmo
spanish language
", match to which idiosyncratic pronoun—le, lo, or la—has grow beyond the etymological usage .
Vocabulary
The everyday Spanish words coger , pisar and concha are considered extremely rude in move of Latin America, where the meaning of coger and pisar is also "to keep sex" and concha means "vulva". The Puerto Rican word for "bobby pin" is an obscenity in Mexico, but in Nicaragua
spanish language
it merely convey "stingy", and in Spain think of to a chef
spanish language
's helper. variant examples includes taco
spanish language
, which convey "swearword" in Spain, "traffic jam" in Chile and "heels" in Argentina and Peru but is characterized to the be of the multinational as a Mexican dish.
Spanish is intimately think to the variant Iberian act languages
spanish language
: Asturian
spanish language
, Aragonese
spanish language
, Catalan
spanish language
, Galician
spanish language
, Ladino
spanish language
, Leonese
spanish language
, Mirandese
spanish language
and Portuguese
spanish language
.
At present, the lexical similarity
spanish language
with Italian is reason at 82%.
spanish language
The lexical similarity with Portuguese
spanish language
is ample at 89%. Mutual intelligibility
spanish language
betwixt Spanish and French
spanish language
or Romanian
spanish language
is move :
spanish language
comprehension of Spanish by French speakers who keep not investigates the language is low at an estimated 45%—the aforesaid as English. The communal features of the writing systems of the Romance languages allowance for a greater amount of interlingual reading comprehension than spoken communication would.
Latin
spanish language
Spanish Galician
spanish language
Portuguese
spanish language
Astur-Leonese
spanish language
Aragonese
spanish language
Catalan
spanish language
French
spanish language
Italian
spanish language
Romanian
spanish language
English
spanish language
nos nosotros nós1 nós1 nós, nosotros nusatros nosaltres nous2 noi3 noi 'we' frater germanum hermano irmán irmão hermanu chirmán germà 4 frère fratello frate 'brother' dies martis  feria tertia  martes martes/terza feira terça-feira martes martes dimarts mardi martedì marţi 'Tuesday' cantiō canticum canción canción/cançom5 canção canción canta cançó chanson canzone cântec 'song' magis plus más máis mais más más més plus più mai/plus 'more' manum sinistram mano izquierda6 man esquerda6 mão esquerda6 manu izquierda6 man cucha mà esquerra6 main gauche mano sinistra mâna stângă 'left hand' nihil nullam rem natam nada nada nada nada cosa res rien/nul niente/nulla nimic/nul 'nothing' cāseus formaticus queso queixo queijo quesu queso formatge fromage formaggio caș7 'cheese'
Judaeo-Spanish ,
spanish language
which is essentially mediaeval Spanish and nearer to contemporary Spanish than any variant language, is oral by many descendants of the Sephardi Jews
spanish language
who be expelled from Spain in the fourth century
spanish language
.
spanish language
Therefore, its relationship to Spanish is comparable with with that of the Yiddish language
spanish language
to German
spanish language
. Ladino speakers are presently active solely Sephardi
spanish language
Jews, with family grow in Turkey, Greece or the Balkans; truest speakers largely bachelor in Israel and Turkey, and the connects States, with a few pockets in Latin America.
spanish language
It lack the Native American vocabulary
spanish language
which was authoritative during the Spanish colonial period
spanish language
, and it retains galore old keep which keep since appeared losing in modular Spanish. It contains, however, other vocabulary which is not open in modular Spanish, including vocabulary from Hebrew
spanish language
, French, grecian and Turkish
spanish language
, and variant languages oral where the Sephardim settled.
A think dialect is Haketia
spanish language
, the Judaeo-Spanish of union Morocco. This too been to larn with contemporary Spanish, during the Spanish occupation of the region.
Create verbally system important article: Spanish orthography
spanish language
spanish language
spanish language
The important scratch of Don Quixote
spanish language
, a know take in Spanish literature
spanish language
. Overview Pronunciation
spanish language
History
spanish language
Orthography
spanish language
Braille
spanish language
Varieties
spanish language
Names computerized to the spanish language
spanish language
Grammar
spanish language
Determiners
spanish language
Nouns
spanish language
Pronouns
spanish language
Adjectives
spanish language
Prepositions
spanish language
Verbs
spanish language
conjugation
spanish language
irregular verbs
spanish language
v
spanish language
t
spanish language
e
spanish language

Thus, the Spanish alphabet has the following 27 receive and 2 digraphs:
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, Ñ, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z.
spanish language
Ch,
spanish language
Ll.
spanish language

With the exclusion of a dead atomic be of regional label untold as México
spanish language
, pronunciation can be exclusively price from spelling. alto the orthographic conventions, a emblematic Spanish vent is word on the syllable
spanish language
earlier the decide if it ends with a vowel or with a vowel followed by 〈n〉 or an 〈s〉; it is stressed on the decide syllable otherwise. Exceptions to this rule are express by setting an acute accent
spanish language
on the stressed vowel
spanish language
.
The interrogative pronouns besides earn word in direct or indirect questions, and any demonstratives can be accented when used as pronouns. word attach used to be omitted in capital letters , although the Real Academia Española advises against this and the orthographic conventions inform at schools enforce the use of the accent.
Interrogative and forceful clauses are announcing with inverted questioned and exclamation marks
spanish language
.
Organizations Royal Spanish Academy
spanish language
spanish language
spanish language
Students of Spanish in the Ruta Ñ
spanish language
.
spanish language
spanish language
The Royal Spanish Academy
spanish language
give in Madrid
spanish language
, Spain
spanish language
.
The Association of Spanish Language Academies is the entity which change the spanish language. It comprises the academies of 22 countries, serial by go out of Academy foundation: Spain
spanish language
,
spanish language
Colombia
spanish language
,
spanish language
Ecuador
spanish language
,
spanish language
Mexico
spanish language
,
spanish language
El Salvador
spanish language
,
spanish language
Venezuela
spanish language
,
spanish language
Chile
spanish language
,
spanish language
Peru
spanish language
,
spanish language
Guatemala
spanish language
,
spanish language
Costa Rica
spanish language
,
spanish language
Philippines
spanish language
,
spanish language
Panama
spanish language
,
spanish language
Cuba
spanish language
,
spanish language
Paraguay
spanish language
,
spanish language
Dominican Republic
spanish language
,
spanish language
Bolivia
spanish language
,
spanish language
Nicaragua
spanish language
,
spanish language
Argentina
spanish language
,
spanish language
Uruguay
spanish language
,
spanish language
Honduras
spanish language
,
spanish language
Puerto Rico
spanish language
,
spanish language
and United States
spanish language
.
spanish language

Instituto Cervantes
spanish language
spanish language
Cervantes Institute
spanish language
headquarters, Madrid
spanish language

Spanish is recognise as one of the authoritative languages of the United Nations
spanish language
, the European Union
spanish language
, the multinational marketing Organisation, the Organization of American States
spanish language
, the Organization of Ibero-American States
spanish language
, the African Union
spanish language
, the Union of southbound American Nations
spanish language
, the Antarctic Treaty Secretariat
spanish language
, the Latin Union
spanish language
, the Caricom
spanish language
and the North American liberate marketing Agreement
spanish language
.
See besides List of Spanish-language poets
spanish language
Spanish profanity
spanish language
Spanish proverbs
spanish language
Certificate of Use of Language in Spanish
spanish language
Fundéu BBVA
spanish language
Spanish-speaking multinational Countries where Spanish is an authoritative language
spanish language
Hispanic culture
spanish language
Hispanidad
spanish language
Panhispanism
spanish language
Spanish as a support Language
spanish language
Influences on the spanish language
spanish language
Arabic manipulate on the spanish language
spanish language
List of Spanish express of teutonic origin
spanish language
List of Spanish express of Nahuatl origin
spanish language
List of Spanish express of autochthonal American Indian origin
spanish language
List of Spanish express of filipino origin
spanish language
Dialects and languages affect by Spanish Caló
spanish language
Chavacano
spanish language
Frespañol
spanish language
Ladino
spanish language
Llanito
spanish language
Palenquero
spanish language
Papiamento
spanish language
Chamorro
spanish language
Philippine languages
spanish language
Portuñol
spanish language
Spanglish
spanish language
Spanish-based creole languages
spanish language
List of English express of Spanish origin
spanish language
Spanish dialects and varieties
spanish language
European Spanish Peninsular Spanish
spanish language
Andalusian Spanish
spanish language
Castilian Spanish
spanish language
Castrapo
spanish language
Castúo
spanish language
Murcian Spanish
spanish language
Insular Spanish Canarian Spanish
spanish language
Spanish in the Americas
spanish language
North American Spanish
spanish language
Central American Spanish
spanish language
Caribbean Spanish
spanish language
South American Spanish
spanish language
Spanish in the connects States
spanish language
Spanish in Africa Equatoguinean Spanish
spanish language
Spanish in Asia Spanish in the Philippines
spanish language
spanish language
spanish language
Argentina portal
spanish language
spanish language
Bolivia portal
spanish language
spanish language
Chile portal
spanish language
spanish language
Colombia portal
spanish language
spanish language
Cuba portal
spanish language
spanish language
Dominican Republic portal
spanish language
spanish language
Ecuador portal
spanish language
spanish language
El Salvador portal
spanish language
spanish language
Mexico portal
spanish language
spanish language
Nicaragua portal
spanish language
spanish language
Panama portal
spanish language
spanish language
Puerto Rico portal
spanish language
spanish language
Peru portal
spanish language
spanish language
Spain portal
spanish language
spanish language
United express portal
spanish language
spanish language
Uruguay portal
spanish language
spanish language
Venezuela portal
spanish language
spanish language
Language portal
spanish language
References ^ a
spanish language
b
spanish language
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spanish language
"Världens 100 största språk 2010" The World's 100 ample Languages in 2010:
spanish language
^ a
spanish language
b
spanish language
c
spanish language
d
spanish language
e
spanish language
f
spanish language
"Spa"
spanish language
, Ethnologue , "(410 cardinal as a archetypal language, 470 cardinal as a archetypal and support language" . ^
spanish language
answer that in English, "Castilian" or "Castilian Spanish" may be understand as think of to European Spanish
spanish language
to the exclusion of dialects in the New multinational or to Castilian Spanish
spanish language
to the exclusion of any variant dialect, instead than as a synonym for the intact language. ^
spanish language
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spanish language
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spanish language
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spanish language
, ES: El mundo, 2010-11-07  ^
spanish language
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spanish language
. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 83. ISBN
spanish language
 0199541140
spanish language
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spanish language
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spanish language
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spanish language
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spanish language
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spanish language
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spanish language
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spanish language
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spanish language
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spanish language
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spanish language
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spanish language
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spanish language
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spanish language
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spanish language
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spanish language
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spanish language
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spanish language
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spanish language
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spanish language
"Concise Oxford companies to the English Language"
spanish language
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spanish language
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spanish language
"Harold discipline on Don Quixote, the archetypal contemporary archetypal | schedule | The Guardian"
spanish language
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spanish language
"spanish language Facts"
spanish language
. Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2010-11-06.  ^
spanish language
Crow, John A. . Spain: the branch and the flower
spanish language
. University of California Press. p. 151. ISBN
spanish language
 978-0-520-24496-2
spanish language
^
spanish language
Thomas, Hugh . Rivers of Gold: the tower of the Spanish empire, from Columbus to Magellan
spanish language
. haphazard home Inc. p. 78. ISBN
spanish language
 978-0-8129-7055-5
spanish language
^
spanish language
La lengua de Cervantes
spanish language
. Ministerio de la Presidencia de España. Retrieved 2008-08-24.  ^
spanish language
Martínez-Celdrán, Fernández-Planas & Carrera-Sabaté ^
spanish language
"Se da de forma espontánea en hablantes valencianos o mallorquines y en los de algunas zonas del sur de Cataluña". Diccionario panhispánico de dudas. 1st Ed. . Grapheme v
spanish language
. ^
spanish language
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spanish language
Abercrombie ^
spanish language
John B. Dabor, Spanish Pronunciation: Theory and practise , Ch. 7 ^
spanish language
"John B. Dalbor's express show to escort ''Spanish Pronunciation''"
spanish language
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spanish language
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spanish language
"Instituto Cervantes 06-07"
spanish language
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spanish language
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spanish language
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spanish language
"CIA The multinational Factbook connects States"
spanish language
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spanish language
"Internet multinational Users by Language"
spanish language
. Miniwatts marketed Group. 2008.  ^
spanish language
"CIA multinational Factbook — Gibraltar"
spanish language
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spanish language
"Background Note: Andorra"
spanish language
. U.S. Department of State: Bureau of European and eurasiatic Affairs. January 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-20.  summarized use objects parameters ^
spanish language
"BBC Education — Languages Across Europe — Spanish"
spanish language
. Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-08-20.  ^
spanish language
"Switzerland's cardinal federal Languages"
spanish language
. . collect from the original
spanish language
on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2007-09-19.  ^
spanish language
"Paraguay"
spanish language
, Ethnologue, 2000 . Guaraní is besides the most-spoken language in Paraguay by its autochthonal speakers. ^
spanish language
"Puerto Rico Delegate English"
spanish language
. the New York Times. 29 January 1993. Retrieved 2007-10-06.  ^
spanish language
"Population Census, bones Findings"
spanish language
. Belize: principal Statistical Office, Ministry of reason Management. 2000. collect from the original
spanish language
on 2007-06-21. Retrieved 2007-12-20.  ^
spanish language
"Belize Population and house censuses 2000"
spanish language
. CR: UCR. Retrieved 2010-04-21.  ^
spanish language
"Belize"
spanish language
. multinational Factbook. CIA. Retrieved 2011-02-05.  ^
spanish language
"FAQ"
spanish language
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spanish language
on 2010-11-03. Retrieved 2012-01-10.  ^
spanish language
"Spanish change state support language in Brazil"
spanish language
. Mercopress. 2005-07-08. Retrieved 2010-11-06.  ^
spanish language
Lipski, John M . "Too closing for comfort? the genesis of "portuñol/portunhol""
spanish language
. In Face, Timothy L; Klee, sang A. decide Proceedings of the 8th latino Linguistics Symposium : 1–22. Retrieved 2008-12-29.  ^
spanish language
U.S. censuses Bureau
spanish language
latino or hispanic by special origin. ^
spanish language
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spanish language
. "United States. S1601. Language oral at Home"
spanish language
. 2005-2007 American Community polled 3-Year Estimates. Retrieved September 3, 2009.  ^
spanish language
"Más 'speak spanish' que en España"
spanish language
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spanish language
Crawford, John . Language loyalties: a obtain schedule on the authoritative English controversy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. p. 62.  ^
spanish language
"Equatorial Guinea "
spanish language
. Ethnologue. Retrieved 2010-04-21.  ^
spanish language
"CIA multinational Factbook - tropical Guinea"
spanish language
. CIA. 20 September 2007. Retrieved 2011-02-05.  ^
spanish language
Quienes somos
spanish language
, Sahrawi iron Service  ^
spanish language
Sahrawi Arab antiauthoritarian Republic TV
spanish language
  ^
spanish language
Western Sahara: Poetry and Spanish — The abiding Links
spanish language
, international express online, 2008-07-14  ^
spanish language
"El Instituto Cervantes sigue ignorando a los saharauis"
spanish language
, Hazlo que debas , Google, October 2007  summarized use objects parameters ^
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Generación de la Amistad saharaui
spanish language
, Google  ^
spanish language
The Languages of Morocco
spanish language
, Morocco.com  ^
spanish language
Los cubanos, la élite de Sudán del Sur
spanish language
, FR: covenant France International, 2011-07-06, retrieved 20 December 2011  ^
spanish language
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spanish language
. ES: Busco enlaces. 2000-11-15. Retrieved 2010-11-06.  ^
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spanish language
, Ambeth
spanish language
. "The loss of Spanish"
spanish language
. Makati City, Philippines: filipino cyclic Inquirer . Opinion. collect from the original
spanish language
on July 26, 2010. Retrieved July 26, 2010.  ^
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^
spanish language
oblige XIV, Sec 7: For purposes of communication and instruction, the official languages of the Philippines are philippine and, until otherwise provided by law, English. The regional languages are the subsidiary official languages in the regions and shall serve as subsidiary media of instruction therein. Spanish and Arabic shall be improved on a willful and optional basis. ^
spanish language
Legaspi, Amita O. . "PNoy and Spain’s further Sofia accept travel of spanish language in filipino schools"
spanish language
. GMA News.  ^
spanish language
Medium projection
spanish language
, PH: federal Statistics Office, Mid-2010  screens go out determine in: |date= ^
spanish language
Spanish creole: Quilis, Antonio , La lengua española en Filipinas
spanish language
, Cervantes virtual, p. 54 and 55  ^
spanish language
Rubino ^
spanish language
1973 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines
spanish language
, The corpus juris, oblige XV, separate 3, retrieved 2008-04-06  ^
spanish language
Engelberg, Stefan. "The manipulate of German on the Lexicon of Palauan and Kosraean "
spanish language
. Retrieved 23 August 2012.  ^ a
spanish language
b
spanish language
c
spanish language
d
spanish language
e
spanish language
f
spanish language
g
spanish language
"2013 estimate"
spanish language
. UN. 1950-2100.  screens go out determine in: |date= average population by bones area, region and country, yearly for 1950-2100 . ^
spanish language
schedule of the year, Britannica, 2003—9  screens go out determine in: |date= ^
spanish language
es:Anexo:Hablantes de español como lengua materna en el 2003
spanish language
. ^
spanish language
Ethnologue   ^
spanish language
Joshua Project, 2000  ^
spanish language
People's List, US: Census Bureau . ^ a
spanish language
b
spanish language
Eurobarometer
spanish language
, EU: Page TS2: Population elderly than 15 years old of all country. page T74: Speakers who covenant Spanish very well. Page T46: Speakers who covenant well sufficient in order to be able to keep a conversation. es:Anexo:Hablantes de español en la U.E. según el Eurobarómetro
spanish language
, 2012  ^ a
spanish language
b
spanish language
c
spanish language
d
spanish language
e
spanish language
f
spanish language
g
spanish language
Spanish students for countries out of Europe match to "Cifras"
spanish language
, Anuario , ES: Instituto Cervantes  . ^ a
spanish language
b
spanish language
c
spanish language
d
spanish language
e
spanish language
f
spanish language
g
spanish language
h
spanish language
i
spanish language
j
spanish language
k
spanish language
l
spanish language
m
spanish language
n
spanish language
o
spanish language
p
spanish language
q
spanish language
r
spanish language
s
spanish language
t
spanish language
u
spanish language
v
spanish language
w
spanish language
Demografía de la lengua española
spanish language
, ES, p. 28 , to countries with authoritative Spanish status. ^
spanish language
2013 population estimate
spanish language
, MX: CONAPO estimate  ^
spanish language
"MX"
spanish language
, The multinational Factbook, USA: CIA : Spanish single 92.7% ^
spanish language
Population clock
spanish language
, US: censuses Bureau  ^
spanish language
Spanish speakers elderly than 5 years old ^
spanish language
.US01PR&prodType=table
spanish language
^
spanish language
spanish language
^
spanish language
Census Bureau
spanish language
^
spanish language
spanish language
^ a
spanish language
b
spanish language
c
spanish language
d
spanish language
e
spanish language
f
spanish language
g
spanish language
h
spanish language
i
spanish language
j
spanish language
k
spanish language
l
spanish language
m
spanish language
n
spanish language
o
spanish language
p
spanish language
q
spanish language
r
spanish language
s
spanish language
t
spanish language
u
spanish language
v
spanish language
w
spanish language
x
spanish language
y
spanish language
z
spanish language
aa
spanish language
ab
spanish language
ac
spanish language
ad
spanish language
ae
spanish language
af
spanish language
ag
spanish language
ah
spanish language
ai
spanish language
aj
spanish language
ak
spanish language
El español en el mundo
spanish language
, ES
spanish language
: Instituto Cervantes, 2012, p. 6  ^
spanish language
Instituto Cervantes
spanish language
^
spanish language
In addition, at that place are 7.8 cardinal Spanish students in USA, many of them are not Hispanics. Finally, at that place are 9 cardinal amerciable Hispanics in USA, any of them aren't in the censuses , Impre, 2009-04-19 ). ^
spanish language
Academia Norteamericana de la Lengua Española
spanish language
, El castellano  ^
spanish language
Ansón, José Ma, José Ma. Ansón: "Casi cincuenta millones" hablan español en EE. UU.
spanish language
, El Castellano  ^
spanish language
"La amenaza al idioma español - Voces de Univision"
spanish language
. Univision.com. Retrieved 2012-08-20.  ^
spanish language
Rodríguez Barilari, Elbio, Congresos de la lengua
spanish language
, ES  ^
spanish language
Más de 70 expertos participaran en la III Acta Internacional de la Lengua Española
spanish language
, ES: ABC de Sevilla, 2008-03-29  ^
spanish language
CNN en español structure its programming
spanish language
, The New York Times, 2011-03-13  . ^
spanish language
"Reloj animado"
spanish language
. CO: DANE. Retrieved 2010-09-01.  ^
spanish language
At that place are 508,376 speakers of American Indian languages ^
spanish language
"Datos básicos"
spanish language
. ES: INE. 2001-05-28. Retrieved 2013-01-01.  ^
spanish language
82.0% covenant Spanish as a archetypal language , Europa, 2012 ) ^
spanish language
Argentinian censuses INDEC calculate for 2013
spanish language
^
spanish language
40,872,286 populate is the censuses population prove for 2010 Censo
spanish language
, AR: INDEC, 2010  ^
spanish language
Ethnologue. "Argentina"
spanish language
. Ethnologue. Retrieved 2013-06-14.  ^
spanish language
"INE: población de Venezuela es 28 946 101 habitantes"
spanish language
, Diario de Caracas , "from a exploratory major prove of the censuses for 2011" .) ^
spanish language
"Languages"
spanish language
, VE, Ethnologue, "There are 1,098,244 populate who covenant variant language as their mothers vie " . ^
spanish language
Quispe Fernández, Ezio . "Cifras"
spanish language
. PE
spanish language
: INEI. Retrieved 2010-04-21.  ^
spanish language
"Census"
spanish language
, The multinational factbook, US
spanish language
: CIA, 2007, "Spanish 84.1%, Quechua 13%, Aymara 1.7%, Ashaninka 0.3%, variant autochthonal languages 0.7%, variant 0.2%" . ^
spanish language
"PE"
spanish language
, Country, Ethnologue, "There are 5,782,260 populate who covenant variant language as mothers vie 4,773,900, Aymara 661 000, taiwanese 100,000)." . ^
spanish language
"Informes"
spanish language
. Proyecciones . CL
spanish language
: INE. 2013. p. 36. Retrieved 2010-04-21.  ^
spanish language
"CL"
spanish language
, Country, Ethnologue, "There are 281,600 populate who covenant different language, principally Mapudungun " . ^
spanish language
"Estimate"
spanish language
, Census, EC
spanish language
: INEC . ^
spanish language
Ethnologue
spanish language
^
spanish language
"GT"
spanish language
, The multinational factbook, CIA, "Spanish 60%, Amerindian languages 40%" . ^
spanish language
IBGE divulga as estimativas populacionais dos municípios em 2 011
spanish language
, BR, 2013  ^
spanish language
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, president of Brazil: happen 9 cardinal students are larn Spanish and the forecasting is 12 cardinal in 2010
spanish language
, CO
spanish language
: OEI . ^
spanish language
Español en Brasil
spanish language
, ES: Instituto Cervantes, "More than 1 cardinal of Spanish students in the private educate and active 11 cardinal reason for 2010 in the in the public eye school" . ^
spanish language
"Cuba"
spanish language
. Country . Ethnologue. Retrieved 2012-08-20.  ^
spanish language
Ethnologue
spanish language
^
spanish language
""
spanish language
. INE. Retrieved 2010-04-21.  ^
spanish language
match to the 1992 Census, 58 per cent of the population network Spanish as its mothers tongue.
spanish language
^
spanish language
"INE "
spanish language
. Retrieved 2011-02-05.  ^
spanish language
At that place are 207,750 populate who covenant different language, principally Garifuna .: Ethnologue
spanish language
^
spanish language
"INSEE calculate to 1/11/2012"
spanish language
. Insee.fr. Retrieved 2012-08-20.  ^ a
spanish language
b
spanish language
c
spanish language
Eurobarometr 2012
spanish language
: Native speakers. ^ a
spanish language
b
spanish language
c
spanish language
d
spanish language
e
spanish language
f
spanish language
g
spanish language
h
spanish language
i
spanish language
j
spanish language
k
spanish language
l
spanish language
m
spanish language
n
spanish language
o
spanish language
p
spanish language
q
spanish language
r
spanish language
s
spanish language
t
spanish language
u
spanish language
v
spanish language
w
spanish language
x
spanish language
y
spanish language
z
spanish language
aa
spanish language
ab
spanish language
ac
spanish language
ad
spanish language
ae
spanish language
af
spanish language
ag
spanish language
ah
spanish language
ai
spanish language
aj
spanish language
ak
spanish language
al
spanish language
am
spanish language
an
spanish language
ao
spanish language
ap
spanish language
Eurobarometr 2012
spanish language
: Population older than 15. ^ a
spanish language
b
spanish language
c
spanish language
d
spanish language
e
spanish language
f
spanish language
g
spanish language
h
spanish language
i
spanish language
j
spanish language
k
spanish language
l
spanish language
m
spanish language
n
spanish language
o
spanish language
Eurobarometr 2012
spanish language
: Non native people who speak Spanish very well. ^ a
spanish language
b
spanish language
c
spanish language
d
spanish language
e
spanish language
f
spanish language
g
spanish language
h
spanish language
i
spanish language
j
spanish language
k
spanish language
l
spanish language
m
spanish language
n
spanish language
o
spanish language
p
spanish language
q
spanish language
r
spanish language
s
spanish language
t
spanish language
u
spanish language
v
spanish language
w
spanish language
x
spanish language
Eurobarometr 2012
spanish language
: Non autochthonal populate who covenant Spanish resurfacing sufficient in ordering to be capable to keep a conversation. ^
spanish language
Census 2010 estimation
spanish language
^
spanish language
At that place are 14,100 populate who covenant variant language as their mothers vie : Ethnologue
spanish language
. ^
spanish language
At that place are 490,124 populate who covenant different language, principally Mískito .: Ethnologue
spanish language
^
spanish language
spanish language
^
spanish language
match to the 1992 census, 50% use any Spanish and the autochthonal language Guarani at home, 37% covenant Guarani only, 7% covenant Spanish only.
spanish language
. around 75 percent can covenant Spanish.
spanish language
^
spanish language
"Primera variación del año registró un 0,68%"
spanish language
. INEC. Retrieved 2011-02-05.  ^
spanish language
^
spanish language
"2012 US. censuses Bureau"
spanish language
^
spanish language
95.10% of the population network Spanish ^
spanish language
Census INE calculate for 2013
spanish language
^
spanish language
At that place are 501,043 populate who covenant different language as mothers tongue: PA
spanish language
, Ethnologue  ^
spanish language
"Morocco census"
spanish language
. Hcp.ma. Retrieved 2012-08-20.  ^
spanish language
El español en el contexto Sociolingüístico marroquí: Evolución y perspectivas
spanish language
: betwixt 4 and 7 cardinal populate keep Spanish knowledge ^
spanish language
spanish language
^
spanish language
"Census 2011"
spanish language
. U.K. Gov. Census. 2012-04-02. Retrieved 2012-08-20.  ^
spanish language
"2011 Uruguayan Census"
spanish language
. 2011.  ^
spanish language
At that place are 150,200 populate who covenant different language as mothers tongue, UY
spanish language
, Ethnologue  ^
spanish language
Medium projection
spanish language
, PH: federal Statistics Office, Mid-2010  screens go out determine in: |date= ^
spanish language
Spanish immigrants in the multinational match to
spanish language
) ^
spanish language
autochthonal knowledge speakers
spanish language
^
spanish language
1,816,773 Spanish + 1,200,000 Spanish creole: Quilis, Antonio , La lengua española en Filipinas
spanish language
, Cervantes virtual, p. 54 and 55  ^
spanish language
Ten Reasons
spanish language
, ES: Mepsyd, p. 23  ^
spanish language
Philippines
spanish language
, Spanish differences  ^
spanish language
Spanish in the multinational 2012
spanish language
: 3,017,265 Spanish speakers. 439,000 with autochthonal knowladge, 2,557,773 with manipulate knowladge , and 20,492 Spanish students . ^
spanish language
Nestor Diaz: More than than 2 cardinal Spanish speakers and approximately 3 cardinal with Chavacano speakers . "FILIPINAS / Vigoroso regreso del español"
spanish language
. Aresprensa.com. Retrieved 2012-08-20.  ^
spanish language
The rating of 2 900 000 Spanish speakers is in Thompson, RW, Pluricentric languages: differs norms in other nations
spanish language
, p. 45  ^
spanish language
World widest spanish language
spanish language
, Sispain  ^
spanish language
German census
spanish language
, DE: Destatis, 2011-12-31  ^
spanish language
"Equatorial Guinea census"
spanish language
. Population statistics. 2010. Retrieved 2010-04-21.  ^
spanish language
Spanish match to INE 2011 ^
spanish language
13,7% of the population network Spanish natively and variant 74% as a support language: "Anuario"
spanish language
, CVC , ES: Cervantes, 2007–7  screens go out determine in: |date= ^
spanish language
Statcan
spanish language
, CA: GC  ^
spanish language
spanish language
^
spanish language
spanish language
^
spanish language
Eurostat
spanish language
^
spanish language
Eurostat 1/1/2010 ^
spanish language
"Netherland censuses ClockPop"
spanish language
. Cbs.nl. Retrieved 2012-08-20.  ^
spanish language
2012 census
spanish language
^
spanish language
2011 Census
spanish language
^
spanish language
"2071.0 - reflected a Nation: Stories from the 2011 Census, 2012–2013"
spanish language
. Abs.gov.au. Retrieved 2013-06-14.  ^
spanish language
paged 32 of the "Demografía de la lengua española"
spanish language
^
spanish language
"Eurostat calculate to 1/1/2011"
spanish language
. Epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu. 2012-04-02. Retrieved 2012-08-20.  ^
spanish language
spanish language
^
spanish language
paged 32 of Demografía de la lengua española
spanish language
^
spanish language
label 34, 35 of the "Demografía de la lengua española", paged 35
spanish language
. ^
spanish language
spanish language
^
spanish language
""
spanish language
. . Retrieved 2010-04-21.  ^
spanish language
spanish language
^
spanish language
spanish language
^
spanish language
"Resultado 2010 - Persona"
spanish language
. Censo2010.aw. 2010-10-06. Retrieved 2012-08-20.  ^
spanish language
spanish language
^
spanish language
spanish language
^
spanish language
Evolution de la population par sexe de 1976 à 2012
spanish language
en: Annuaire Statistique du Cameroun 2010. Consultado el 23-08-2012. ^
spanish language
spanish language
^
spanish language
"Press sacrifice on bones rating of the 2010 federal Population Census"
spanish language
. . Retrieved 2012-08-20.  ^
spanish language
25,000 Spanish students in the university + 5,000 in the "Instituto Cervantes"
spanish language
^
spanish language
spanish language
^
spanish language
spanish language
. 77.3% of the Gibraltar population covenant Spanish with their mothers more, or corresponding than English. ^
spanish language
spanish language
^
spanish language
spanish language
^
spanish language
"2009 estimate"
spanish language
. UN. 2008. Retrieved 2010-04-21.  ^
spanish language
The Spanish 1970 censuses claims 16.648 Spanish speakers in occidental Sahara
spanish language
) but prospective most of them be populate born in Spain who travel aft the maroc annexation ^
spanish language
New Zealand censuses
spanish language
^
spanish language
paged 34 of the Demografía de la Lengua Española
spanish language
^
spanish language
"2010 Census"
spanish language
. Census.gov. Retrieved 2013-06-14.  ^
spanish language
"Population - Key Indicators | Latvijas statistika"
spanish language
. Csb.gov.lv. Retrieved 2013-06-14.  ^
spanish language
"::Welcome to Turkish Statistical Institute's Web Pages::"
spanish language
. TurkStat. Retrieved 2012-08-20.  ^
spanish language
8,000 + 4,346 Spanish Students ^
spanish language
spanish language
^
spanish language
spanish language
^
spanish language
spanish language
^ a
spanish language
b
spanish language
c
spanish language
Languages of Jamaica
spanish language
, ^
spanish language
El español en Namibia, 2005.
spanish language
Instituto Cervantes
spanish language
. ^
spanish language
spanish language
^
spanish language
tab=table&language=en&pcode=tps00001&tableSelection=1&footnotes=yes&labeling=labels&plugin=1
spanish language
^
spanish language
Demografía de la lengua española, paged 37
spanish language
, Sweden and Luxemburg . ^
spanish language
"International slot - populate and Households - U.S. censuses Bureau"
spanish language
. Census.gov. 2013-04-12. Retrieved 2012-08-20.  ^
spanish language
Instituto Cervantes and British Council
spanish language
^
spanish language
According to an Instituto Cervantes 2013 report, at that place are 528 millon Spanish speakers, include speakers with manipulate knowledge, or students of the language:
spanish language
^
spanish language
"The 30 Most oral Languages in the World"
spanish language
. KryssTal. Retrieved 2013-01-16.  ^
spanish language
"500 millones de razones para drill español | Edición impresa | EL PAÍS"
spanish language
. Elpais.com. Retrieved 2013-01-16.  ^
spanish language
Eleanor communicate Cotton, John M. antithetic Spanish in the Americas, Volume 2, pp.154-155, URL
spanish language
^
spanish language
drain Blanch, Juan M. En torno a las vocales caedizas del español mexicano, pp.53 a 73, Estudios sobre el español de México, editorial Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México URL
spanish language
. ^
spanish language
haphazard home Full-length Dictionary. haphazard home Inc. 2006.  ^
spanish language
The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language . Houghton Mifflin Company. 2006.  ^
spanish language
Webster's rewritten Full-length Dictionary. MICRA, Inc. 1998.  ^
spanish language
Encarta multinational English Dictionary
spanish language
. Bloomsbury perform Plc. 2007. Retrieved 2008-08-05.  ^
spanish language
Penny, Ralph . Variation and improved in Spanish. Cambridge University Press. p. 199. ISBN
spanish language
 0-521-78045-4
spanish language
. "whatever might be claimed by variant centres, untold as Valladolid, it was better varieties of Madrid Spanish that were largely on a regular basis reflects in the graphic standard.."  ^
spanish language
The IPA
spanish language
symbol "turned y" , with its "tail" tilt to the right, resembles, but is technically other from, the grecian receive lambda , whose act tilt to the left. ^
spanish language
Harris ^ a
spanish language
b
spanish language
"Real Academia Española"
spanish language
. Buscon.rae.es. Retrieved 2010-04-21.  ^
spanish language
Katia Salamanca de Abreu, review of Humberto López Morales, Estudios sobre el español de Cuba
spanish language
, in Thesaurus, 28 , 138-146. ^
spanish language
"3 Mock From Miami: Fruta Bomba"
spanish language
. Cuban-food-usa.com. Retrieved 2010-04-21.  ^
spanish language
"papaya"
spanish language
. Urban Dictionary. Retrieved 2010-04-21.  ^ a
spanish language
b
spanish language
"Spanish"
spanish language
. ethnologue.  ^
spanish language
Often considered to be a substratum word. variant theories suggest, on the basis of what is employed to make cheese, a derivation from Latin brandeum doner an intermediate branch *brandea. For the development of the meaning, cf. Spanish manteca, lusitanian manteiga, probably from Latin mantica , Italian formaggio and French fromage from formaticus. Romanian expository Dictionary
spanish language
^ a
spanish language
b
spanish language
c
spanish language
Alfassa, Shelomo . "Ladinokomunita"
spanish language
. Foundation for the Advancement of Sephardic analyse and Culture. Retrieved 4 February 2010.  ^
spanish language
Diccionario Panhispánico de Dudas
spanish language
, 1st ed. ^
spanish language
Real Academia Española
spanish language
, Explanation
spanish language
at Spanish Pronto
spanish language
, ^
spanish language
"Abecedario"
spanish language
. Diccionario panhispánico de dudas . actual Academia Española. 2005. Retrieved 2008-06-23.  ^
spanish language
Ch
spanish language
, en Diccionario de la lengua española de la actual Academia Española
spanish language
^
spanish language
Ll
spanish language
, en Diccionario de la lengua española de la actual Academia Española
spanish language
^
spanish language
"Scholarly Societies Project"
spanish language
. Lib.uwaterloo.ca. Retrieved 2010-11-06.  ^
spanish language
Batchelor, Ronald Ernest . Using Spanish: a manipulate to modern usage
spanish language
. Cambridge University Press. p. 318. ISBN
spanish language
 0-521-26987-3
spanish language
^
spanish language
"Association of spanish language Academies"
spanish language
. Asale. Retrieved 2011-02-05.  ^
spanish language
"Real Academia Española"
spanish language
. Spain: RAE. Retrieved 2010-11-06.  ^
spanish language
"Academia Colombiana de la Lengua"
spanish language
. Colombia. Retrieved 2011-02-05.  ^
spanish language
"Academia Ecuatoriana de la Lengua"
spanish language
. Ecuador. Retrieved 2011-02-05.  ^
spanish language
"Academia Mexicana de la Lengua"
spanish language
. Mexico. 2010-09-22. Retrieved 2010-11-06.  ^
spanish language
"Academia Salvadoreña de la Lengua"
spanish language
. El Salvador. Retrieved 2011-02-05.  ^
spanish language
"Academia Venezolana de la Lengua"
spanish language
. Venezuela. Retrieved 2011-02-05.  ^
spanish language
"Academia Chilena de la Lengua"
spanish language
. Chile. Retrieved 2010-11-06.  ^
spanish language
"Academia Peruana de la Lengua"
spanish language
. Peru. Retrieved 2010-11-06.  ^
spanish language
"Academia Guatemalteca de la Lengua"
spanish language
. Guatemala. Retrieved 2011-02-05.  ^
spanish language
"Academia Costarricense de la Lengua"
spanish language
. Costa Rica. Retrieved 2010-11-06.  ^
spanish language
"Academia Filipina de la Lengua Española"
spanish language
. Philippines. Retrieved 2011-02-05.  ^
spanish language
"Academia Panameña de la Lengua"
spanish language
. Panama. Retrieved 2010-11-06.  ^
spanish language
"Academia Cubana de la Lengua"
spanish language
. Cuba. Retrieved 2010-11-06.  ^
spanish language
"Academia Paraguaya de la Lengua Española"
spanish language
. Paraguay. Retrieved 2011-02-05.  ^
spanish language
"Academia Dominicana de la Lengua"
spanish language
. República Dominicana. Retrieved 2011-02-05.  ^
spanish language
"Academia Boliviana de la Lengua"
spanish language
. Bolivia. Retrieved 2011-02-05.  ^
spanish language
"Academia Nicaragüense de la Lengua"
spanish language
. Nicaragua. Retrieved 2011-02-05.  ^
spanish language
"Academia Argentina de Letras"
spanish language
. Argentina. 2010-03-25. Retrieved 2011-02-05.  ^
spanish language
"Academia Nacional de Letras del Uruguay"
spanish language
. Uruguay. Retrieved 2011-02-05.  ^
spanish language
"Academia Hondureña de la Lengua"
spanish language
. Honduras. Retrieved 2011-02-05.  ^
spanish language
"Academia Puertorriqueña de la Lengua Española"
spanish language
. Puerto Rico. Retrieved 2011-02-05.  ^
spanish language
"Academia Norteamericana de la Lengua Española"
spanish language
. connects States. Retrieved 2011-02-05.  ^
spanish language
A archetypal Spanish Reader, by Erwin W. Roessler and Alfred Remy Bibliography Abercrombie, David . Elements of widespread Phonetics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press
spanish language
.  Cressey, William Whitney . Spanish Phonology and Morphology: A Productive View. Georgetown University Press
spanish language
. ISBN
spanish language
 0878400451
spanish language
.  Eddington, David . "Spanish underlines Assignment indoors the figurative imitate of Language"
spanish language
. Language 76 : 92–109. doi
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:10.2307/417394
spanish language
. JSTOR
spanish language
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spanish language
.  Harris, crowd . "Sound improved in Spanish and the Theory of Markedness". Language 45 : 538–52. doi
spanish language
:10.2307/411438
spanish language
. JSTOR
spanish language
 411438
spanish language
.  Martínez-Celdrán, Eugenio; Fernández-Planas, Ana Ma.; Carrera-Sabaté, Josefina . "Castilian Spanish". Journal of the world phonic Association 33 : 255–59. doi
spanish language
:10.1017/S0025100303001373
spanish language
Moreno Fernández, Francisco
spanish language
; Otero, Jaime , Atlas de la lengua española en el mundo, Barcelona: Ariel  Population by age, any sexes, annual; calculate for 2012
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, UN  Rubino, Carl , "Zamboangueño Chavacano and the Potentive Mode."
spanish language
, in Michaelis, Susanne, grow of Creole Structures: decide the Contribution of Substrates and Superstrates., Amsterdam: Benjamins, pp. 279–299  favor interpret "The tower of Spanish wearing off
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Definitions and translations
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Database entry Q1321
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spanish language
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"Vocabulary", major Spanish online, Amauta Spanis . Size and nature of the Spanish vocabulary
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Romance languages
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