The Balearic Islands; Spanish: Islas Baleares ) are an archipelago of Spain in the occidental Mediterranean Sea, happen the eastward float of the Iberian Peninsula.
confine 1 Etymology 2 Geography and hydrography 3 History 3.1 previous history 3.2 medieval periods 3.2.1 as of late Romanic and native Moslem Eras 3.2.2 The publicizing against the Balearics 3.2.3 Reconquista 3.3 contemporary period 4 Culture 4.1 Cuisine 4.2 Languages 5 Administration 6 Sport 7 See additionally 8 Notes 9 References 10 peripheral connections
The definitive term of the Balearic Islands in Catalan is Illes Balears, while in Spanish they are described as the Islas Baleares. The titled “Balearic” subsidiary from Greek. In Latin.
match to the Lycophron’s Alexandra stanzas, the islands are marked Gymnesiae Γυμνησίαι in light of the fact that its occupants be every now and again naked, most likely as a result of the all year liberal atmosphere.
The branch bal perform intend to a Phoenician starting point; perhaps the islands be profound to the god Baal; and the unplanned similarity to the Grecian branch Βαλ, combined with the control of the individuals, would giving adequate establishment for the acclimated Grecian act of acclimatizing assign to their own language. That it was not, in any case, Grecian from the outset, one may derive with extraordinary likelihood from the way that the regular Grecian name of the islands isn’t Βαλεαρεῖς, however Γυμνησίαι, the previous being the name utilized by the locals, just as by the Carthaginians and Romans. The last name, for which two envision historical backgrounds keep previously seemed referenced, planned subordinate from the help hardware of the Balearic gimp.
Geology and hydrography
The islands can be support assembled, with Majorca, Minorca, and Cabrera as the Gymnesian Islands, and Ibiza and Formentera as the Pitiusic Islands, other than referenced as the Pityuses. At that spot are in abundance inconsequential islands or islets shutting to the plentiful islands, untold as Es Conills, Es Vedrà, Sa Conillera, Dragonera, S’Espalmador, S’Espardell, Ses Blades, Santa Eulària, Plana, Foradada, Tagomago, Na Redona, Colom, L’Aire, and so on.
littlest is salvage on the native occupants of the islands, however aplenty legends exist. The story, have by Lycophron, that solid wreck Boeotians be undertakings bare on the islands, was clearly make by mental act to represent the term Gymnesiae. At that spot is other than a custom that the islands be colonized by Rhodes behind the Trojan War.
Different legends hold that the occupants lived in empty move to and fro and counterfeit gives in, that they were striking for their adoration for ladies and would give three or cardinal men as the payoff for one lady, that they had no metallic or silver coin, and denied the importation of the valuable metals, so that those of them who filled in as hired soldiers took their compensation in wine and ladies rather than cash. Their marriage and burial service customs, exceptional to Roman onlookers, are thought by Diodorus Siculus.